Table 1

Characteristics of baseline cardiovascular disease risks and lifestyle behaviors between intervention and control groups
Intervention N = 347 Control N = 1,636 P-valuea
Mean ± S.D. Mean ± S.D.
Age, year 65.0 ± 7.8 63.0 ± 8.8 <0.001
Weight, kg 66.1 ± 8.1 66.8 ± 9.2 0.166
BMI, kg/m2 25.8 ± 2.3 25.8 ± 2.4 0.960
Waist, cm 91.0 ± 5.8 90.9 ± 6.2 0.942
SBP, mmHg 134.0 ± 14.6 135.5 ± 16.6 0.121
DBP, mmHg 79.7 ± 9.7 80.8 ± 10.5 0.077
HDL-C, mg/dl 57.3 ± 14.5 56.2 ± 14.9 0.179
LDL-C, mg/dl 134.0 ± 29.6 133.8 ± 32.1 0.933
TG, mg/dl 151.1 ± 95.8 165.8 ± 130.7 0.287b
HbA1c,% 5.34 ± 0.47 5.38 ± 0.82 0.395
Framingham risk score, score 14.0 ± 2.5 13.7 ± 2.9 0.085
Mean 10-year CHD risk,% 9.3 ± 6.0 9.4 ± 6.4 0.646
N (%) N (%)
Sex
male 200 (57.6) 999 (61.1) 0.236
female 147 (42.4) 637 (38.9)
Current smoker 62 (17.9) 384 (23.5) 0.023
Physical activity
Exercise over than 30 min, > = 2 times/week 159 (51.6) 595 (39.7) <0.001
Walking or physical activity over than 1 hour every day 168 (54.9) 707 (47.3) 0.015
Walking faster than their peers 171 (55.9) 771 (52.1) 0.231
Dietary behavior
Eating fast 88 (28.5) 410 (27.4) 0.686
Eating dinner less than 2 hours before sleeping 62 (20.1) 406 (27.2) 0.009
Eating snacks over than 3 times every week 42 (13.6) 200 (13.4) 0.900
Skipping breakfast over than 3 times every week 22 (7.1) 218 (14.6) <0.001
Drinking alcohol every day 156 (50.5) 669 (44.7) 0.063
Drinking alcohol less than 22 g 143 (60.9) 666 (56.8) 0.249
Sleeping well 247 (81.0) 1148 (77.2) 0.147

BMI = body mass index, waist = waist circumference, SBP = systolic blood pressure, DBP = diastolic blood pressure, HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG = Triglycerides, HbA1c = Hemoglobin, CHD = coronary heart disease.

aby chi-squared or Student’s t-test.

bby Mann–Whitney test.

Zhu et al.

Zhu et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:219   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-219

Open Data