Table 4

Intermediary factors – health promotion, feeding practices and disease prevention and treatment
Control group Intervention group
Indicator of the intermediary factor n = 259 n = 193 Adjusted effectb
Freq (%)a Freq (%)a OR (95% CI) P
Health promotion
Child was weighed in the last 4 months 131 (51.37) 159 (83.25) 4.64 (2.95; 7.32) < 0.001
The child growth curve was explained to the mother 69 (27.71) 136 (71.20) 6.45 (4.24; 9.80) < 0.001
Mother received counseling on infant and young child feeding practices in the last 4 months 47 (18.36) 134 (70.16) 11.19 (7.02; 17.82) < 0.001
Mother received a home visit from a community health agent or health professional in the last 4 months 30 (12.00) 132 (69.11) 16.41 (10.06; 26.77) < 0.001
Mother participated in child health and nutrition meeting since the child’s birth 33 (13.10) 188 (97.92) 311.9 (108.5; 896.5) < 0.001
Feeding practices
Mother took a Vitamin A capsule in the 8 weeks following birth 51 (20.73) 126 (68.85) 8.45 (5.45; 13.11) < 0.001
Exclusive breastfeeding through 6 months of age 6 (2.34) 14 (7.29) 3.28 (1.24; 8.69) 0.017
Predominant breastfeeding through 6 months of age c 13 (5.08) 31 (16.15) 3.60 (1.83; 7.09) < 0.001
Child currently breastfeeding 67 (26.17) 50 (26.04) 0.97 (0.63; 1.49) 0.885
Child received 5 or more feedings with solid or semisolid foods in the last 24 hours 48 (18.53) 53 (27.46) 1.62 (1.03; 2.55) 0.037
Child consumed foods rich in vitamin A in the last 24 hours d 66 (25.48) 46 (23.83) 0.92 (0.59; 1.41) 0.688
Child consumed fruits in the last 24 hours 146 (56.37) 129 (66.84) 1.52 (1.02; 2.26) 0.039
Child received vitamin A supplement 171 (66.80) 159 (82.81) 2.35 (1.49; 3.71) < 0.001
Child received iron supplement in the last 3 months 109 (43.43) 165 (86.39) 8.23 (5.07; 13.37) < 0.001
Disease prevention and treatment
Child consumed water from the faucet, not boiled, without chlorine 50 (19.53) 21 (10.94) 0.48 (0.28; 0.85) 0.011
with greatest frequency --
Child used bottle in the last 24 hours 198 (77.34) 140 (72.92) 0.79 (0.51; 1.23) 0.298
Child had diarrhea in the last 2 weeks 41 (16.02) 29 (15.10) 0.99 (0.59; 1.67) 0.980
Child received more liquids during diarrhea 25 (58.14) 24 (77.42) 3.42 (1.06; 11.07) 0.040
Child received ORS during diarrhea 28 (63.64) 27 (87.10) 3.86 (1.14; 13.02) 0.030
Child received equal or greater amount of foods during diarrhea 23 (53.49) 14 (45.16) 0.63 (0.24; 1.66) 0.347
Mother mentioned a sign of emergency during diarrhea 170 (65.64) 147 (76.17) 1.67 (1.10; 2.54) 0.016
Child completed vaccination schedule in the first year of life 90 (35.16) 100 (52.08) 2.00 (1.37; 2.94) < 0.001
Child was hospitalized in the last 12 months 60 (23.44) 48 (25.00) 1.09 (0.70; 1.68) 0.702

a The percentages are based on the number of completed responses for each particular variable.

b Adjusted for household income and maternal education, work status, age and national origin when any of these covariates had p<0.10 in the multivariate regression analyses.

c Predominantly breast milk, but may also have received water, tea, and fruit juice.

d Foods rich in vitamin A: carrot, pumpkin, sweet potato and liver.

Navarro et al.

Navarro et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:212   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-212

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