Table 1

Weighted prevalences for risk factors for HIV infection by sex
Risk factors Female (n = 113) Male (n = 75) P-value
wPrev (95% CI) wPrev (95% CI)
Factors associated with exposure to HIV
Age of sexual debut 0.494a
Never had sex 14.1 (8.9, 21.8) 11.0 (4.3, 25.7)
  12 years old or younger 5.3 (1.4, 17.6) 8.9 (3.1, 23.3)
  13 to 15 years old 9.2 (4.7, 17.5) 10.3 (4.4, 22.0)
  16 to 18 years old 34.9 (24.0, 47.6) 22.9 (13.5, 36.2)
  19+ years old 24.4 (16.8, 34.1) 38.7 (23.2. 57.0)
Engaged in transactional sex 5.5 (2.2, 13.1) —— 0.107b
History of forced/unwanted sex 31.8 (21.7, 44.0) 10.1 (3.9, 23.7) 0.033a*
Had a sexual partner who injected drugs 3.7 (1.2, 11.2) 0.8 (0.1, 6.3) 0.167a
Factors associated HIV exposure and transmission
Ever test for HIV 56.5 (44.4, 67.9) 63.0 (47.1, 76.6) 0.706a
HIV test in Canada, past year 15.0 (9.4, 23.3) 22.4 (11.3, 39.7) 0.442a
Shared drug use equipment 1.5 (0.3, 7.9) —— 0.380b
Abstinence, lifetime 14.1 (8.9, 21.8) 11.0 (4.3, 25.7) 0.647a
Abstinence, past year 32.2 (22.5, 43.6) 20.0 (10.5, 34.8) 0.179a
Unprotected sex, cohabiting regular partner, past year 50.9 (39.0, 62.6) 48.5 (32.6, 64.7) 0.644a
Unprotected sex, non-cohabiting regular partner, past year 41.2 (30.2, 53.2) 38.5 (23.7, 55.9) 0.544a
Unprotected sex during last intercourse, regular partner 39.2 (28.4, 51.2) 40.2 (25.2, 57.3) 0.928a
Unprotected sex, casual partner, past year 11.5 (4.8, 25.2) 6.7 (2.0, 20.6) 0.608a
Unprotected sex during last intercourse, casual partner 6.8 (2.1, 19.7) 17.6 (6.3, 40.2) 0.152a
Never using condom, past year 38.4 (27.1, 51.1) 35.0 (22.3, 50.2) 0.730a
Ever mixed sex with drugs or alcohol 26.9 (18.5, 37.4) 43.8 (28.5, 60.3) 0.049a*
Non-monogamous sexual partnership, past year 10.6 (5.4, 19.7) 24.1 (12.2, 42.0) 0.068a
History of sexually transmitted infections 27.0 (17.5, 39.0) 17.2 (8.6, 31.2) 0.735a
Number of sex partners, lifetime 0.531a
  None 14.1 (8.9, 21.8) 11.0 (4.3, 25.7)
  1 5.8 (2.8, 11.8) 12.3 (3.3, 36.4)
  2 to 4 23.6 (15.9, 33.5) 13.9 (7.6, 24.3)
  5 to 9 18.3 (9.7, 32.0) 18.6 (9.9, 32.3)
  10 to 19 9.2 (4.6, 17.7) 20.2 (9.4, 38.3)
  20 or more 9.7 (4.2, 20.7) 11.5 (4.8, 25.0)
Number of sex partners, past year 0.019a*
  0 32.2 (22.5, 43.6) 20.0 (10.5, 34.8)
  1 44.7 (33.2, 56.7) 30.5 (19.0, 45.0)
  2 12.0 (6.0, 22.6) 30.2 (15.7, 50.2)
  3 or more 5.6 (2.6, 11.7) 16.0 (7.2, 31.7)

n = column total, not adjusted for nonresponse using sample weights.

a P-value from Rao-Scott chi-square test.

b P-value from Rao-Scott chi-square test with assumed design correction of 2 (conservative estimate).

* Statistically significant at p = 0.05.

Baidoobonso et al.

Baidoobonso et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:184   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-184

Open Data