Table 5

Associations between socio-economic and demographic characteristics and health literacy competences *
Healthcare Accessing Understanding Appraisinga Applying
B 95% CI B 95% CI B 95% CI B 95% CI
Education (reference group: tertiary education)
  No education or primary education −0.2906 (-0.4653 to -0.1160) −0.1949 (-0.3497 to -0.0402) −0.0562 (-0.2098 to 0.0974) −0.1576 (-0.3021 to -0.0131)
  Lower secondary education −0.0464 (-0.1558 to 0.0631) −0.1838 (-0.2772 to -0.0904) −0.0074 (-0.1030 to 0.0882) −0.0678 (-0.1556 to 0.0200)
  (Upper or post-) secondary education b 0.0557 (-0.0430 to 0.1544) −0.0587 (-0.1432 to 0.0256) 0.0502 (-0.0368 to 0.1371) −0.0431 (-0.1229 to 0.0367)
Income (reference group: 3600 or more)
  < 1850 euros −0.2294 (-0.3738 to -0.0849) −0.1283 (-0.2444 to -0.0121) −0.0418 (-0.1593 to 0.0758) 0.0051 (-0.1082 to 0.1183)
  1850 – 2400 euros -0.0771 (-0.2304 to 0.0762) 0.0065 (-0.1192 to 0.1322) 0.0267 (-0.1000 to 0.1535) 0.0748 (-0.0432 to 0.1927)
  2400 – 3600 euros -0.1426 (-0.2610 to -0.0156) -0.0510 (-0.1562 to 0.0542) -0.0554 (-0.1668 to 0.0561) -0.0122 (-0.1187 to 0.0944)
Social status 0.0258 ( 0.0067 to 0.0583) 0.0371 ( 0.0087 to 0.0654) 0.0584 ( 0.0295 to 0.0874) 0.0308 ( 0.0036 to 0.0581)
Age (years) -0.0039 (-0.0062 to -0.0016) -0.0006 (-0.0025 to 0.0014) 0.0010 (-0.0010 to 0.0031) -0.0002 (-0.0021 to 0.0017)
Male 0.0810 ( 0.0037 to 0.1582) 0.0799 ( 0.0143 to 0.1455) 0.1415 ( 0.0734 to 0.2096) 0.0673 ( 0.0048 to 0.1298)
Disease prevention Accessing Understanding Applying
B 95% CI B 95% CI B 95% CI
Education (reference group: tertiary education)
  No education or primary education −0.2418 (-0.3970 to -0.0866) −0.2069 (-0.3489 to -0.0650) −0.1217 (-0.3687 to 0.1253)
  Lower secondary education −0.0989 (-0.1897 to -0.0081) −0.1276 (-0.2137 to -0.0415) −0.1028 (-0.2530 to 0.0473)
  (Upper or post-) secondary education b 0.0057 (-0.0772 to 0.0887) −0.0152 (-0.0945 to 0.0640) −0.0426 (-0.1807 to 0.0955)
Income (reference group: 3600 or more)
  < 1850 euros −0.1025 (-0.2175 to 0.0125) −0.0516 (-0.1671 to 0.0640) 0.0098 (-0.1840 to 0.2037)
  1850 – 2400 euros 0.0506 (-0.0775 to 0.1787) 0.0283 (-0.0927 to 0.1493) 0.0402 (-0.1644 to 0.2447)
  2400 – 3600 euros −0.0236 (-0.1288 to 0.0816) −0.0138 (-0.1182 to 0.0906) −0.0137 (-0.1995 to 0.1721)
Social status 0.0485 ( 0.0208 to 0.0763) 0.0313 ( 0.0050 to 0.0577) 0.0242 (-0.0215 to 0.0699)
Age (years) −0.0028 (-0.0047 to -0.0008) −0.0020 (-0.0039 to -0.0001) −0.0011 (-0.0043 to 0.0022)
Male 0.1498 ( 0.0849 to 0.2148) 0.0839 ( 0.0221 to 0.1457) 0.1501 ( 0.0427 to 0.2575)
Health promotion Accessing Understanding Appraising Applying
B 95% CI B 95% CI B 95% CI B 95% CI
Education (reference group: tertiary education)
  No education or primary education −0.0779 (-0.3309 to 0.1751) −0.3552 (-0.5395 to -0.1709) −0.0881 (-0.2678 to 0.0916) −0.1797 (-0.3774 to 0.0181)
  Lower secondary education −0.0266 (-0.1798 to 0.1266) −0.2267 (-0.3390 to -0.1143) −0.0538 (-0.1642 to 0.0565) −0.0170 (-0.1350 to 0.1009)
  (Upper or post-) secondary education b 0.0827 (-0.0578 to 0.2232) −0.1013 (-0.2057 to 0.0031) 0.0752 (-0.0259 to 0.1762) −0.0037 (-0.1122 to 0.1049)
Income (reference group: 3600 or more)
  < 1850 euros −0.1036 (-0.2928 to 0.0857) −0.0296 (-0.1669 to 0.1077) 0.0510 (-0.0919 to 0.1938) −0.0146 (-0.1656 to 0.1364)
  1850 – 2400 euros 0.0513 (-0.1546 to 0.2572) 0.0544 (-0.1003 to 0.2090) 0.1318 (-0.0226 to 0.2862) 0.0683 (-0.0928 to 0.2293)
  2400 – 3600 euros −0.0363 (-0.2068 to 0.1342) −0.0029 (-0.1331 to 0.1273) 0.0048 (-0.1266 to 0.1362) −0.0079 (-0.1510 to 0.1351)
Social status 0.0348 (-0.0120 to 0.0815) 0.0543 (0.0200 to 0.0886) 0.0686 (0.0346 to 0.1027) 0.0629 (0.0264 to 0.0994)
Age (years) 0.0052 (0.0018 to 0.0085) −0.0028 (-0.0053 to -0.0004) 0.0063 (0.0039 to 0.0087) 0.0006 (-0.0020 to 0.0032)
Male −0.0093 (-0.1183 to 0.0996) 0.1975 (0.1168 to 0.2782) 0.1445 (0.0651 to 0.2239) 0.0458 (-0.0398 to 0.1314)

* Analyses are based on mean per item; significant differences are printed in bold (p < 0.05). a Scores for appraising health information in the domain of healthcare and disease prevention were combined based on outcomes of factor analysis. b Non-tertiary including vocational education.

van der Heide et al.

van der Heide et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:179   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-179

Open Data