Table 2

Univariate analysis comparing good-adherent to poor-adherent patients, Lifou, New Caledonia, 2011
Characteristics Good-adherent patientsn/N (%) Poor-adherent patientsn/N (%) P value*
Demographic and socio-economic characteristics
Age <16 years old 0.092
 No 18/38 (47) 22/32 (69)
 Yes 20/38 (53) 10/32 (31)
Male sex 0.215
 No 21/38 (55) 23/32 (72)
 Yes 17/38 (45) 9/32 (28)
Concrete dwelling 0.466
 No 25/38 (66) 18/32 (56)
 Yes 13/38 (34) 14/32 (44)
Number of persons in the household ≥ 6 0.054
 No 13/38 (24) 19/32 (59)
 Yes 25/38 (66) 13/32 (41)
Other case(s) of ARF in the household 0.320
 No 30/37 (81) 29/32 (91)
 Yes 7/37 (19) 3/32 (9)
Household income <150 000 CFP (1,600 USD)/month 1
 No 14/38 (37) 10/29 (34)
 Yes 24/38 (63) 19/29 (66)
Health care team and system-related characteristics
Follow up of ARF/RHD in a health center 1
 No 3/38 (8) 2/32 (6)
 Yes 35/38 (92) 30/32 (94)
Follow up of ARF/RHD in the health center of Xépénéhé 0.140
 No 13/35 (37) 17/30 (57)
 Yes 22/35 (63) 13/30 (43)
Distance between the residence and the nearest health center >5 km 0.116
 No 14/38 (37) 6/32 (19)
 Yes 24/37 (63) 26/32 (81)
Duration for an injection >3 h § 0.257
 No 23/29 (79) 24/26 (92)
 Yes 6/29 (21) 2/26 (8)
BPG injections’ recall system 0.042
 No 37/37 (100) 28/32 (88)
 Yes 0/37 (0) 4/32 (12)
Adequate healthcare coverage 0.070
 No 8/37 (22) 14/32 (44)
 Yes 29/37 (78) 18/32 (56)
Condition-related characteristics
Previous history of ARF 0.121
 No 10/38 (26) 3/32 (9)
 Yes 28/38 (74) 29/32 (91)
Previous history of RHD 1
 No 9/38 (24) 7/32 (22)
 Yes 29/38 (76) 25/32 (78)
Severe RHD at diagnosis** 1
 No 25/29 (86) 19/22 (86)
 Yes 4/29 (14) 3/22 (14)
Hospitalization at diagnosis of ARF or RHD 0.813
 No 18/36 (50) 17/32 (53)
 Yes 18/36 (50) 15/32 (47)
Therapy-related characteristics
Treatment duration >2 years 0.743
 No 5/37 (14) 6/32 (19)
 Yes 32/37 (86) 26/32 (81)
Severe pain from BPG injection 0.130
 No 36/38 (95) 26/32 (81)
 Yes 2/38 (5) 6/32 (19)
Desire for oral treatment 1
 No 32/38 (84) 24/28 (86)
 Yes 6/38 (16) 4/28 (14)
Confidence in treatment 0.316
 No 1/36 (3) 3/29 (10)
 Yes 35/36 (97) 26/29 (90)
Patient-related characteristics
Protestant religion 0.602
 No 10/38 (26) 11/32 (34)
 Yes 28/38 (74) 21/32 (66)
Knowledge of treatment’s objectives 1
 No 2/32 (6) 2/27 (7)
 Yes 30/32 (94) 25/27 (93)

CI denotes confidence interval, ARF denotes acute rheumatic fever and RHD denotes rheumatic heart disease.

*P values were calculated with the use of Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and Student’s test for continue variables.

§ The duration includes transport from home to health center, way and back. Patients having injections at home were excluded.

¶ Declarative information.

** The classification of severity was obtained by echocardiography medical records.

Gasse et al.

Gasse et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:131   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-131

Open Data