Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics of female drug users with or without HIV infection recruited in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal
Positive HIV test (n = 77) n (%) Total (n = 269) Crude OR (95% CI) p value
Place of recruitment
  Street/Park 40 (28.6) 140 1.00
  Drop in centre 37 (28.7) 129 1.01 (0.59-1.71) 0.984
Age (years)
  16 - 19 7 (25.9) 27 1.00
  20 - 24 25 (19.5) 128 0.69 (0.26-1.82) 0.457
  25 - 29 28 (35.0) 80 1.54 (0.58-4.08) 0.387
  30 - 38 17 (50.0) 34 2.86 (0.96-8.52) 0.060
  Mean (SD) (Median) 26.3 (6.0) (25.0) 24.4 (4.8) (23.0) 1.12 (1.06-1.18) <0.001
Marriage and live-in partnerships
  Not married, not living with sexual partner 6 (9.4) 64 1.00
  Not married, living with sexual partner 25 (32.5) 77 4.65 (1.77-12.22) 0.002
  Currently married, not living with spouse or any other sexual partner 12 (36.4) 33 5.52 (1.84-16.59) 0.002
  Currently married, living with spouse or other sexual partner 34 (35.8) 95 5.39 (2.11-13.79) <0.001
Level of education
  Never went to school 2 (4.1) 49 1.00
  Primary (1–5 years) 15 (48.4) 31 22.03 (4.54-107.04) <0.001
  Secondary (6–10 years) 26 (27.4) 95 8.86 (2.01-39.10) 0.004
  Higher (11 years and higher) 34 (36.2) 94 13.32 (3.04-58.28) 0.001
Job situation
  Have a job 32 (25.6) 125 1.00
  Jobless 45 (31.3) 144 1.32 (0.77-2.25) 0.307

SD, standard deviation.

OR, odds ratio.

CI, confidence interval.

Ghimire et al.

Ghimire et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1238   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1238

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