Table 2

Factors related to HIV/gonorrhoea co-infection
Variables HIV/gonorrhoea co-infection
AOR 95% CI
Age group (years) (25–34 years)
 <25 0.8 0.5-1.2
 35-44 1.9 1.3-2.6
 ≥ 45 1.9 1.1-3.2
Educational level (Secondary/University education)
 Illiteracy/Primary education 1.6 1.0-2.4
 Unknown 1.2 0.8-1.7
Region of birth (Spain)
 Western Europe 2.1 1.2-3.7
 Central/Eastern Europe 1.5 0.6-3.8
 Latin America 2.0 1.4-2.9
 Africa 1.3 0.5-3.5
 Other/Unknown 0.6 0.1-2.3
Sex/Transmission category (MSW)
 MSM 6.3 3.5-11.4
 Female 0.2 0.1-0.8
Previous STI (No)
 Yes 3.1 2.1-4.5
Concurrent STI (No)
 Yes 1.6 1.2-2.2
Probable source of gonorrhoea infection (Steady partner)
 Casual partner (solely) 1.0 0.6-1.6
  Steady and casual partner 0.8 0.5-1.5
  Being a sex worker 2.0 0.8-4.7
  Client of sex worker 0.5 0.1-1.7
HIV status of sex partner (HIV negative/Unknown)
  HIV diagnosed 5.9 2.8-12.4
Year of diagnosis (2006)
  2007 1.0 0.6-1.8
  2008 1.3 0.7-2.2
  2009 0.9 0.5-1.4
  2010 1.7 1.1-2.8

Reference categories in parentheses.

Multivariate logistic regression analysis.

AOR: Adjusted Odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; MSM: Men who have sex with men; MSW: men who have sex exclusively with women.

Diaz et al.

Diaz et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:1093   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1093

Open Data