Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics of adult male brick kiln workers in the outskirts of districts Dadu and Larkana, Sindh, Pakista (n=340)
Variable n (%)
Age (years) Mean (SD): 31.03(9.09)
18-34 227 (66.7%)
35-44 74 (21.8%)
45 and above 39 (11.5%)
Family size Mean (SD): 7.70 (3.08)
Education Status
Illiterate 232 (68.2%)
Primary 86 (25.3%)
Matriculate 16 (4.7%)
Intermediate 4 (1.2%)
Madresah education 2 (0.6%)
Monthly Income (PKR)
Mean (SD): 7864.7 (3344.2)
Type of work at brick Kiln
Carriage and Placement 76 (22.4%)
Molding 195 (57.4%)
Baking 69 (20.2%)
Hours of work per day
Mean (SD)=8.28 (1.22)
Smoking Status
Non- smoker 194 (57.1%)
Ever smoker 146 (42.9%)
Current smoker 125 (36.8%)
Characteristics of Smokers
Age at Starting Smoking
Mean (SD)=19.84 (4.92)
Cigarettes per day
Mean (SD)=18.08 (7.74)

Shaikh et al.

Shaikh et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:999   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-999

Open Data