Open Access Highly Accessed Open Badges Research article

Out-of-pocket healthcare payments on chronic conditions impoverish urban poor in Bangalore, India

Upendra Bhojani12*, BS Thriveni1, Roopa Devadasan1, CM Munegowda1, Narayanan Devadasan1, Patrick Kolsteren2 and Bart Criel2

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Public Health, 250, 2 C Cross, 2 C Main, Girinagar, First Phase, Bangalore 560085, Karnataka, India

2 Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium

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BMC Public Health 2012, 12:990  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-990

Published: 16 November 2012

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Correlates of financial catastrophe among households. Provides a table providing monthly OOP payments per chronic condition according to type and level of healthcare services.

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Additional file 2:

Concentration curves and indices. Depicts the concentration curves for catastrophic healthcare expenditure at various catastrophic thresholds. It also provides values for concentration index for various catastrophic thresholds. Both, the concentration curve being above the line of equality, as well as the negative values for concentration index, suggest that the financial catastrophe is concentrated among the poor households.

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Additional file 3:

Source of finances for households to cope with OOP payments. Provides a table presenting the data on source of financing used by households to cope with the out-of-pocket payments for outpatient care for chronic conditions. It provides this information for households in different income quintiles, households that fell above or below the poverty line, and according to levels of healthcare services used by households.

Format: PDF Size: 49KB Download file

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Open Data