Table 3

Treatment outcomes of Transfer-in TB patients in relation to health facility and clinical characteristics
Characteristic* (N=263) TB treatment outcomes n (%) p-value**
Treatment success Defaulters Deaths Failures Transfers out Missing outcomes
Overall 181 (69) 5 (2) 7 (3) 0 (0) 14 (5) 56 (21) -
Sex (n = 263)
 Male 100 (68) 2 (1) 4 (3) 0 (0) 9 (6) 33 (22) 0.897
 Female 81 (70) 3 (3) 3 (3) 0 (0) 5 (4) 23 (20)
Age group (n = 260)
 <15 16 (76) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (5) 4 (19) 0.972
 15-24 26 (72) 0 (0) 1 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 9 (25)
 25-44 108 (68) 4 (3) 5 (3) 0 (0) 10 (6) 33 (21)
 45-54 18 (69) 0 (0) 1 (4) 0 (0) 2 (8) 5 (19)
 ≥55 11 (64) 1 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (6) 4 (24)
Type of TB (n = 256)
 New 161 (73) 4 (2) 5 (2) 0 (0) 9 (4) 43 (19) 0.026
 retreatment 17 (50) 1 (3) 2 (6) 0 (0) 5 (15) 9 (26)
Time period between transferring from district and registration in Harare City (n = 176)
 < 8 days 60 (71) 3 (4) 3 (4) 0 (0) 5 (6) 14 (16) 0.477
 ≥8 days 69 (76) 2 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (4) 16 (18)
Type of referral health facility (n = 212)
 rural mission hospital 62 (70) 2 (2) 2 (2) 0 (0) 4 (5) 18 (20) 0.355
 district hospital 39 (75) 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 (0) 1 (2) 10 (19)
 municipal clinic 38 (75) 1 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (10) 7 (14)
 rural clinic 2 (50) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (50) 0 (0)
 prison facility 2 (40) 0 (0) 1 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (40)
 provincial hospital 4 (80) 0 (0) 1 (20) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 private clinic 2 (40) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (60)
 Outside Zimbabwe 1 (50) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (50)
Distance to referral health facility from Harare City (km) (n = 211)
 ≤ 40 27 (60) 1 (2) 1 (2) 0 (0) 5 (11) 11 (24) 0.179
 41 – 150 51 (74) 2 (3) 1 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 15 (22)
 151 – 300 48 (73) 1 (2) 3 (5) 0 (0) 4 (6) 10 (15)
 >300 24 (77) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (10) 4 (13)
Treatment phase at time of transfer from referral health facility (n = 263)
 initiation phase 112 (70) 5 (3) 3 (2) 0 (0) 11 (7) 28 (18) 0.053
 continuation phase 42 (74) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (2) 14 (25)
 Missing 27 (57) 0 (0) 4 (9) 0 (0) 2 (4) 14 (30)

NB: Percentages may not always add up to 100 because of rounding off error.

*Variables in the table above have varying totals because missing data was excluded.

** P-values are for the Fischers Exact test for associations between TB treatmement outcomes and clinical and health facility characteristics.

DOT = Directly Observed Treatment.

Takarinda et al.

Takarinda et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:981   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-981

Open Data