Table 3

Health insurance, consultation/prepayment fees and private provider fees
Author(s) (year) Country Cost estimate (I$) % Annual per-capita income (entire population) % Annual per-capita income (income-poorest 20% of the population) Notes
Health insurance costs
Aspler, et al. [41] Zambia 2 0.43 2 67% of patients reported paying median health insurance user fees (IQR I$1.79- I$1.97)
Needham, et al. [59] Zambia 3 0.69 3a Mean monthly fees for government-sponsored health insurance (range I$2-I$3)
Consultation/prepayment fees
Aspler, et al. [41] Zambia 4 0.78 4 Median one time consultation fee (IQR I$4- I$7)
Mesfin, et al. [55] Ethiopia 2 0.93 2 Mean consultation fees per visit (median I$0)
Needham, et al. [58] Zambia 7 2 10 Mean one-time consultation fees (median I$8)
Steen and Masonde [30] Botswana 2 0.06 0.43b One-time prepayment outpatient fee
Private provider fees
Chard, S. [47] Uganda 141 47 154c Private clinic treatment costs
Harper, et al. [53] The Gambia 44 11 54d Costs spent on private treatment
Needham, et al. [58] Zambia 24 6 35 Mean costs to see a private physician (median I$15)
Wyss, et al. [68] Tanzania 38 12 29e Unit cost for private services

a Income share based on 1996 estimates instead of 1995; b Income share based on 1994 estimates instead of 1993; c Income share based on 1999 estimates instead of 1998; d Income share based on 1998 estimates instead of 2000; e Income share based on 2000 estimates instead of 1996.

Barter et al.

Barter et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:980   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-980

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