Table 3

Measures
Measure DIL MIL
Feasibility and Safety
Recruitment, adherence, retention (proportion of eligible individuals who enroll, sociodemographic comparison of enrollees and non-enrollees, adherence to intervention and data collection visits, attrition) X X
Safety (e.g., number and nature of safety-related events) X X
Contamination (knowledge of neighbors, friends, or relatives participating in the intervention arm) Xa Xa
Individual-level Indicators of Empowerment
Demographic indicators of access to resources (e.g., age, marital duration, parity, education, employment, socioeconomic status, household structure and husband’s age, education and income [27]) X X
Knowledge and perceptions of DV & family Health (e.g., knowledge and perceptions of reproductive and infant health [27], links between DV and health) X X
Gender-equitable attitudes (modified version of the Gender Equitable Male [GEM] scale [50]) X X
Decision-making (involvement in household decisions [27], DILs’ involvement in food-related decision-making, household food insecurity access scale [51]) X X
Freedom of movement (indicators of mobility [52]) X X
Interpersonal- and Family-level Indicators of Empowerment
Social support (DILs’ perceptions of social support and MILs’ provision of emotional and practical support using an adapted Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support [53]) X X
Communication (indicators of communication between MILs and DILs and with sons/husbands regarding household matters) X X
Resistance to violence (DILs’ overt and covert resistance to DV and MILs’ opposition to DV by their son) X X
Outcomes
Domestic violence (measures of physical, sexual, and psychological acts of violence perpetrated by husbands, MILs, or other family members using an adapted Conflict Tactics Scale [54]) X X
Perceived quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF [55]) X X
Anxiety and depression (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale – K10) X X
Postnatal Depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale [56]) X
Maternal and Infant Health (maternal height, weight, weight gain during pregnancy, and BMI; infant weight, length, and head circumference) X

aAssessed only among control arm MILs and DILs.

Krishnan et al.

Krishnan et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:943   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-943

Open Data