|· Married||· MIL of a DIL who consents to participate|
|· 18–30 years||· Kannada or Tamil speaking|
|· Have ever experienced physical, psychological, or sexual violence perpetrated by husbands, MILs, or other family members||· Able and willing to provide consent|
|· Pregnant & in 1st or 2nd trimestera|
|· Kannada or Tamil speaking|
|· Able and willing to provide consent|
|· Able and willing to refer MIL for study recruitment|
|· DIL of a MIL who consents to participate|
|· Cognitive impairment||· Cognitive impairment|
|· Planning to move or moving from the area prior to 6 months postpartum||· Planning to move or moving from the area before the DIL’s completion of 6 months postpartum|
*Confirmed by urine pregnancy test and questions to assess stage of pregnancy (using the last menstrual period).
Krishnan et al.
Krishnan et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:943 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-943