Table 1

Characteristics of studied population according to immigration status, ORISCAV-LUX survey, 2007-2008
Portuguese 1stgeneration % (N) Portuguese 2ndgeneration % (N) Luxembourgers % (N) P value†
n 169 22 652
Age (years) (n 843) * 40.54 ±17 30.6 ± 7 47.71 ± 21 <0.0001a, b, c
Gender 0.092
  Men (n 410) 55 (93) 59.1 (13) 46.6 (304)
  Women (n 433) 45 (76) 40.9 (9) 53.4 (348)
Education level (%) <0.0001a, b
  Primary (n 245) 67.7 (113) 13.6 (3) 20 (129)
  Secondary (n 418) 28.7 (48) 54.5 (12) 55.6 (358)
  Tertiary (n 170) 3.6 (6) 31.8 (7) 24.4 (157)
Economic status (%) <0.0001a, b
  below poverty threshold (n 144) 44.4 (68) 16.7 (3) 13.2 (73)
  above poverty threshold (n 578) 55.6 (85) 83.3 (15) 86.8 (478)
Work status <0.0001a, b, c
  Employed (n 524) 74.6 (126) 81.8 (18) 58.4 (380)
  Non-employed (n 76) 7.1 (12) 18.2 (4) 9.2 (60)
  Housewife (n 107) 8.3 (14) 0 (0) 14.3 (93)
  Retired (n 135) 10.1 (17) 0 (0) 18.1 (118)
Total dietary calories (Kcal) (n 796)* 2121.63 ± 1006 2307.06 ±1353 2274.18 ±1153 0.032b
Fat (% Kcal) (n 791) 35.43 ± 6.88 37.54 ± 4.93 39.13 ± 7.05 <0.0001b
Carbohydrates (% Kcal) (n 791) 43.84 ± 7.45 44.22 ± 6.21 41.95 ± 7.44 0.009b
Fibers (g/day) (n 796) * 22.3 ±12 20 ± 18 23.5 ± 13 0.207

Data are expressed as means ± SD, otherwise median (Inter-quartile interval) is indicated as*.

P values are from X2 tests for categorical variables, whereas ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis were used for normally and non-normally distributed continuous variables, respectively.

† P-value indicates the comparison between the 3 groups.

a indicates that the P-value is significant when comparing Portuguese 1st generation to Portuguese 2nd generation.

b indicates that the P-value is significant when comparing Portuguese 1st generation to Luxembourgers.

C indicates that the P-value is significant when comparing Portuguese 2nd generation to Luxembourgers.

Alkerwi et al.

Alkerwi et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:864   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-864

Open Data