Table 2

Summary of significant socio-demographics and behavioural factors related to non-participation
Factor (n studies used) # N studies stat. sig. (%) Non-participation vaccination Non-participation early detection of disease Non-participation identification high risk of a disease
Age (20) [9,12-14,18-20,22,24-26,28-33,35-38] 15 (75%) Younger [24,26] Older [18] Younger [9,12,19,20,29,30] Youngest and oldest [28] Older [32] Younger [33,36,38] Older [37]
Sex (17) [9,12-14,18-22,24-26,30-33,35,36,38] 9 (53%) Female [18,21] Male [12,19,20,30] Female [38] Male [33,36]
SES(−related factors) * (8) [15,18,25,27,28,32,33,35] 4 (50%) Low [18] High [25] Low [15] Low [33]
Behavioural factors (6) [13,22,24,25,28,32] 6 (100%) Lack of relevance [24] Lack of net benefit [24,25] Low perceived severity [25] Barriers [25] (to much trouble, being against vaccination) Previous non-participation [22,24] Stronger belief that physician wants women to attend screening [28] Less strong feeling a personal moral obligation [28] Higher treatment control [13] Lower negative emotional perceptions [13] Lower perceived benefit [32]

SES(−related factors) *: Socioeconomic status (SES), education, employment, income.

# in case of use of a variable in both trial and sub study in the same population, the variable is included only once.

Koopmans et al.

Koopmans et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:856   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-856

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