Table 3

Mortality risk among adults over 50: the effects of health behaviors within different behavioral profilesa
Mortality risk of:
Smoking Physical inactivity Non-drinking Heavy drinking
Behavioral profiles HR (99% CI)
    Non-smokers
Active, moderate drinker
Active, non-drinker 1.4***
(1.1, 1.6)
Active, heavy drinker 1.0
(0.7, 1.3)
Inactive, moderate drinker 1.5***
(1.2, 1.8)
Inactive, non-drinker 1.4*** 1.3***
(1.3, 1.5) (1.1, 1.4)
Inactive, heavy drinker 1.8*** 1.1
(1.2, 2.5) (0.9, 1.4)
    Smokers
Active, moderate drinker 1.9***
(1.2, 2.9)
Active, non-drinker 2.0*** 1.4*
(1.6, 2.4) (0.9, 2.2)
Active, heavy drinker 3.6*** 1.8**
(2.4, 5.4) (1.1, 2.9)
Inactive, moderate drinker 1.8*** 1.4
(1.3, 2.4) (0.9, 2.3)
Inactive, non-drinker 1.7*** 1.2* 1.2
(1.5, 2.0) (1.0, 1.5) (0.9, 1.6)
Inactive, heavy drinker 2.5*** 1.2 1.6***
(1.8, 3.4) (0.8, 1.68) (1.1, 2.2)

* P ≤ .05; ** P ≤ .01; *** P ≤ .001.

aModels adjusted for the following in 1998: age, gender, marital status, race, education, household income, self-rated health, 5 serious chronic diseases, functional limitations, and body mass index.

Shaw and Agahi

Shaw and Agahi BMC Public Health 2012 12:803   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-803

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