Table 3

Multivariate Adjusted Odds Ratios of Self-Reported Hypertension and Diabetes among Hispanic Subgroups by Nativity
Self-Reported Hypertension Self-Reported Diabetes
Subgroup U.S.-Born [OR (95% CI)] P value Foreign-Born [OR (95% CI)] P value U.S. Born [OR (95% CI)] P value Foreign-Born [OR (95% CI)] P value
Mexico 0.90 (0.77, 1.06) 0.59 0.83 (0.68, 1.01) 0.71 1.98 (1.58, 2.48) <0.001 1.72 (1.31, 2.25) <0.001
Central America 0.27 (0.12, 0.64) <0.001 1.07 (0.86, 1.33) 0.93 0.37 (0.14, 1.01) 0.80 1.37 (1.10, 1.97) 0.02
South America 0.19 (0.08, 0.46) <0.001 0.79 (0.55, 1.13) 0.58 0.32 (0.19, 0.51) <0.001 1.59 (0.88, 2.87) 0.65
2+ Hispanic* 0.98 (0.70, 1.35) 0.90 1.53 (0.84, 2.80) 0.79 1.39 (0.90, 2.13) 0.42 0.72 (0.43, 1.19) 0.20
Other Hispanic 1.20 (0.74, 1.93) 0.49 1.78 (1.15, 2.73) 0.01 2.43 (1.42, 4.13) <0.001 1.08 (0.47, 2.49) 0.57
Non-Hispanic White ref ref ref ref ref ref ref ref

*Participant reports ≥ 2 countries of origin. OR = Odds Ratio; CI = Confidence Interval. All models adjusted for age, gender, insurance status, education level, poverty level, healthcare utilization, diabetes, weight, smoking status, and acculturation metrics (self-report English language ability, citizenship, and years in the US).

Rodriguez et al.

Rodriguez et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:768   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-768

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