Table 3

Demographic and socio-economic characteristics and prevalence of mental disorders
Variable Value London % (n) Minneapolis % (n) χ2 df P value
Age 18-25 27.3 (39) 17.4 (8) 3.01 3 0.4
26-35 40.6 (58) 45.7 (21)
36-45 21.7 (31) 19.6 (9)
46+ 10.5 (15) 17.4 (8)
Gender Male 49.7 (71) 60.9 (28) 1.75 1 0.2
Female 50.3 (72) 39.1 (18)
Marital status Married 50.3 (72) 60.9 (28) 1.95 2 0.4
Never Married 42.0 (60) 30.4 (14)
Others 7.7 (11) 8.4 (4)
Religion Islam 97.9 (140) 97.8 (45) 0.001 1 0.9
Others 2.1 (3) 2.1 (1)
Area of origin Rural 6.3 (9) 10.9 (5) 1.063 1 0.3
Urban 93.7 (134) 89.1 (41)
Mother tongue Somali 100 (143) 100 (46) N/A N/A N/A
Education in UK & US None 33.6 (48) 58.7 (27) 9.18 1 0.002
College/others 66.5 (95) 41.3 (19)
Qualifications No qualifications 51.7 (74) 60.9 (28) 1.16 1 0.280
Certificates/Diploma 48.3 (69) 39.1 (18)
Employment Not working 89.5 (128) 26.1 (12) 72.9 1 0.000
Working 10.5 (15) 73.9 (34)
Type of work Skilled 8.4 (12) 67.4 (31) 73.17 2 0.000
Not skilled 2.8 (4) 6.5 (3)
N/A 88.8 (127 26.1 (12)
Legal status Pending 17.5 (25) 97.8 (45) 6.87 1 0.009
Resolved 82.5 (118) 2.2 (1)
Seeking asylum on entry No 25.5 (35) 97.8 (45) 76.70 1 0.000
Yes 75.5 (108) 2.2 (1)
Family separation No 31.3 (41) 56.5 (26) 9.20 1 0.002
Yes 68.7 (90) 43.5 (20)
Reasons for leaving home country War 73.0 (103) 76.1 (35) 0.165 1 0.68
Other reasons 27.0 (38) 23.9 (11)
Length of stay in UK/US Less than 3 years 66.4 (95) 30.4 (14) 18.47 1 0.00
More than 3 years 33.6 (48) 69.6 (32)
Major Depression Current No 73.4 (105) 93.5 (43 8.23 1 0.004
Yes 26.6 (38) 6.5 (3)
Posttraumatic stress disorder No 86.0 (123) 95.7 (44) 3.14 1 0.07
Yes 14.0 (20) 4.3 (2)
Current agoraphobia No 89.5 (128) 100 (46) 5.24 1 0.022
Yes 10.5 (15)
Suicide risk None 92.3 (132) 100 (46) 3.76 1 0.053
Low-moderate 7.7 (11)
Aggregated Mental Disorders No 64.3 (92) 87 (40) 8.45 1 0.004
Yes 35.7 (51) 13 (6)

Warfa et al.

Warfa et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:749   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-749

Open Data