Table 4

Top 5 of most prevalent comorbidity for 10 chronic diseases (first column) and prevalence of co-occuring diseases among all patients of 55 years and older with the specific chronic disease and comorbidity
Chronic disease Comorbidity top 5 and prevalence Contribution of top 5 to all comorbidity with the specific chronic disease*
1 2 3 4 5
Diabetes mellitus Coronary heart disease 30.0% Osteoarthritis 22.7% Chronic neck or back disorder 20.3% Heart failure 18.1% COPD 17.2% 31.5%
Coronary heart disease Diabetes mellitus 33.5% Heart failure 25.5% Osteoarthritis 23.0% Chronic neck or back disorder 20.8% Cancer 16.7% 32.8%
Osteoarthritis Chronic neck or back disorder 26.8% Diabetes mellitus 26.0% Coronary heart disease 23.6% Visual disorder 16.4% Cancer 16.0% 33.5%
COPD Asthma 32.4% Coronary heart disease 27.4% Diabetes mellitus 25.8% Heart failure 24.0% Osteoarthritis 20.5% 29.9%
Chronic neck or back disorder Osteoarthritis 31.5% Diabetes mellitus 27.3% Coronary heart disease 25.2% COPD 17.0% Cancer 15.5% 35.8%
Cancer Diabetes mellitus 25.6% Coronary heart disease 24.4% Osteoarthritis 22.8% Chronic neck or back disorder 18.8% COPD 18.3% 33.1%
Stroke Diabetes mellitus 32.4% Coronary heart disease 26.0% Osteoarthritis 21.0% Heart failure 20.2% COPD 17.5% 27.8%
Depression Osteoarthritis 24.7% Diabetes mellitus 24.6% Coronary heart disease 22.8% Chronic neck or back disorder 22.3% COPD 18.0% 26.4%
Heart failure Coronary heart disease 42.0% Diabetes mellitus 33.3% COPD 29.4% Osteoarthritis 24.5% Stroke 18.0% 30.4%
Anxiety disorder Depression 38.0% Diabetes mellitus 22.3% Chronic neck or back disorder 22.2% Coronary heart disease 20.7% Osteoarthritis 19.8% 31.4%

1 Prevalence is determined by dividing the number of patients with a specific combination of co-occuring diseases through the number of patients with the specific chronic disease and 1 or more other chronic diseases. Prevalence estimates are standardized according to the sex and age distribution in the Dutch population in 2008.

* According to the selection of 29 chronic diseases in Table1.

van Oostrom et al.

van Oostrom et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:715   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-715

Open Data