Table 4

Odds ratiosafor correlates of poorer self-rated health in Australia, USA, Japan and Korea
Predictor (reference group) Australia USA Japan Korea
Gender (male) 1.02 (0.94-1.11) 0.92 (0.88-0.96)*** 0.99 (0.91-1.08) 1.18 (1.07-1.30)**
Age (years) 1.03 (1.02-1.03)*** 1.00 (1.00-1.01)* 1.01 (1.00-1.01) 1.01 (1.01-1.02)***
Partner status (partnered) 1.08 (1.03-1.14)** 1.09 (1.04-1.14)*** 1.06 (0.97-1.16) 0.85 (0.78-0.93)***
Education (Grade 9 or lower)
 Grades 10-12 0.91 (0.86-0.97)** 0.72 (0.67-0.76)*** 0.92 (0.88-1.00) 0.68 (0.61-0.76)***
 Post-secondary 0.78 (0.73-0.84)*** 0.57 (0.54-0.61)*** 0.92 (0.82-1.04) 0.57 (0.50-0.67)***
Smoking (non-smoker) 1.32 (1.17-1.48)*** 1.33 (1.24-1.42)*** 1.02 (0.92-1.13) 0.97 (0.87-1.08)
Alcohol (abstainer) 0.85 (0.80-0.90)*** 0.77 (0.74-0.81)*** 0.79 (0.73-0.88)*** 0.93 (0.85-1.02)
Medical conditions (none)
 One 1.61 (1.50-1.73)*** 1.58 (1.45-1.72)*** 1.68 (1.55-1.83)*** 1.56 (1.44-1.70)***
 More than one 2.58 (2.40-2.78)*** 2.66 (2.45-2.88)*** 2.33 (2.10-2.58)*** 2.38 (2.15-2.63)***
ADL difficulty (none) 2.26 (2.09-2.44)*** 2.11 (1.98-2.25)*** 2.46 (1.99-3.05)*** 2.84 (2.38-3.38)***
Mental health (good) 2.32 (2.14-2.51)*** 1.94 (1.83-2.07)*** 1.91 (1.71-2.12)*** 2.59 (2.34-2.86)***

*p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.

a Odds ratios are shown with 95% confidence intervals.

French et al.

French et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:649   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-649

Open Data