Table 2

Social and economic characteristics of cases and controls with TB, stratified by patient category, South Africa, 2002

New TB Patient (N = 926)

Re-treatment TB Patient (N = 236)

Combined


Cases (160)

Controls (766)

OR (95% CI)

Cases (71)

Controls (165)

OR (95% CI)

OR*(95% CI)

AOR† (95% CI)


Characteristic

n/N

%

n/N

%

n/N

%

n/N

%


Country of birth

RSA

159/160

99

745/766

97

4.5 (0.7-186)

71/71

10

163/164

99

n/a

5.6 (0.9-231)

4.9 (0.7-36)


Outside RSA

1/160

1

21/766

3

0/71

0

1/164

1


Practices religion

Yes

148/160

93

687/758

91

1.3 (0.7-9)

63/71

89

151/162

93

0.6 (0.2-1.7)

1.0 (0.6-1.8)

1.0 (0.6-1.7)


No

12/160

7

71/758

8

8/71

11

11/162

7


Race

Black

129/159

81

661/762

86

0.7 (0.4-1.1)

57/71

80

129/164

79

1.1 (0.5-2.4)

0.7 (0.5-1.1)

0.8 (0.5-1.1)


Other

30/159

19

101/762

14

14/71

20

35/164

21


Marital status

Married or permanent relationship

50/158

32

266/763

35

0.9 (0.6-1.3)

23/71

32

61/164

37

0.8 (0.4-1.5)

0.9 (0.6-1.2)

0.8 (0.6-1.2)


Single

108/158

68

497/763

65

48/71

68

103/164

63


Biological children

No children

31/157

20

147/761

19

1.0 (0.6-1.6)

21/70

30

31/164

19

1.8 (0.9-3.7)

1.2 (0.9-1.8)

1.2 (0.9-1.7)


≥ 1 child

126/157

80

614/761

81

49/70

70

133/164

81


Formal Education

None

22/160

14

61/762

8

1.8 (1.0-3.1)

5/70

7

17/164

10

0.7 (0.2-2.0)

1.4 (0.9-2.3)

1.4 (0.9-2.3)


Some

138/160

86

701/762

92

65/70

93

147/164

90


Owns a house

Yes

81/157

52

386/759

51

1.0 (0.7-1.5)

37/71

52

89/164

54

0.9 (0.5-1.6)

1.0 (0.7-1.5)

1.0 (0.7-1.3)


No

76/157

48

373/759

49

34/71

48

75/164

46


Owns cattle

Yes

10/157

6

31/755

4

1.6 (0.7-3.4)

2/71

3

9/164

3

0.5 (0.05-2.5)

1.2 (0.6-2.4)

1.2 (0.6-2.3)


No

147/157

94

724/755

96

9/71

97

155/164

97


Owns radio

Yes

111/158

70

500/759

66

1.2 (0.8-1.8)

45/71

63

115/164

70

0.7 (0.4-1.4)

1.1 (0.8-1.5)

1.1 (0.7-1.5)


No

47/158

30

259/759

34

26/71

27

49/164

30


Changed residence during TB treatment

Yes

22/158

14

49/756

6

2.3 (1.3-4.1)

16/71

23

12/165

7

3.7 (1.5-9.1)

2.8 (1.8-4.2)

2.7 (1.7-4.2)


No

136/158

86

707/756

94

55/71

77

153/165

93


Employed

Yes

81/157

52

386/759

51

1.0 (0.7-1.5)

37/71

52

89/164

54

0.9 (0.5-1.6)

1.0 (0.7-1.4)

1.0 (0.7-1.3)


No

76/157

48

373/759

49

34/71

48

75/164

46


Type of employment

Laborer

29/83

35

88/370

24

1.7 (1.0-2.9)

13/38

34

19/81

23

1.7 (0.7-1.3)

1.7 (0.6-4.3)

1.7 (1.1-2.6)


Other

54/83

65

282/370

76

25/38

66

62/81

77


Missed treatment due to employment

Yes

39/85

46

16/381

4

19 (9.6-40)

14/40

35

4/80

5

10 (2.8-45)

16 (9-31)

16 (9-29)


No

46/85

54

365/381

96

26/40

65

76/80

95


In prison during treatment

Yes

7/156

5

25/748

3

1.4 (0.5-3.3)

6/71

8

11/165

7

1.3 (0.4-4.0)

1.5 (0.7-2.9)

1.3 (0.7-2.6)


No

149/156

95

723/748

97

65/71

92

154/165

93


*Combined bivariate odds ratio

† Odds ratio adjusted for patient category

Finlay et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:56   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-56

Open Data