Table 3

Respondent’s knowledge of risk factors and signs and symptoms of bowel cancer
Knowledge Item (n) % Yes or Agree^
Risk Factors
Being overweight (91) 82.4
Both men and women are at risk of bowel cancer (93) 80.6
Smoking (91) 80.2
Having other types of bowel disease (92) 77.2
Diet can contribute to bowel cancer (93) 76.3
Low levels of physical activity (92) 75.0
History of polyps (93) 74.2
Risk increases with age (92) 72.8
Drinking too much alcohol (93) 69.9
Both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people are at similar risk (93) 69.0
Risk increases if a close relative has bowel cancer (93) 55.9
Signs and Symptoms
Bleeding from the bowels (93) 87.1
Change in bowel habits such as diarrhoea/constipation (92) 76.1
Loss of weight for no reason (91) 76.0
Persistent abdominal pain/cramps (93) 75.3
Unexplained tiredness or weakness (91) 71.4
Loss of appetite (92) 67.4
Bowel cancer can be present without any symptoms (92) 56.5

FOBT- faecal occult blood test.

^Percentage calculated from valid responses.

Christou and Thompson

Christou and Thompson BMC Public Health 2012 12:528   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-528

Open Data