Tobacco use and nicotine dependency in a cross-sectional representative sample of 18,018 individuals in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
1 Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Port Blair-744101, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India
2 Current address: Centre for Chronic Disease Control, Safdarjung Development Area, New Delhi-110016, India
3 National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore-560029, Karnataka, India
4 Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
5 Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi-110016, India
6 National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad-500007, Andhra Pradesh, India
7 Indira Gandhi National Open University, Port Blair-744101, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India
BMC Public Health 2012, 12:515 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-515Published: 10 July 2012
Data on prevalence, pattern of tobacco use, proportion of population dependent on nicotine and their determinants are important for developing and implementing tobacco control strategies. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use and nicotine dependency.
A cross-sectional survey among a representative sample of 18,018 individuals in the age group of >=14 years was conducted in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands during 2007–09. A structured questionnaire, a modified version of an instrument which was used successfully in several multi-country epidemiological studies of the World Health Organisation, was used to survey individual socio-demographic details, known co-morbid conditions, tobacco use and alcohol use. Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was used to estimate nicotine dependence.
The response rate of our survey was 97% (18,018/18,554). Females (n = 8,888) were significantly younger than males (34.3
The high prevalence of tobacco use especially the chewing form of tobacco in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the differences in prevalence and pattern of tobacco use and nicotine dependency observed across subgroups warrants implementation of culturally specific tobacco control activities in this population.