Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women receiving folic acid and iron
Na(%) % Receiving folic acid (n = 3,758) Chi square p-value % Receiving Iron (n = 4,887) Chi-square p-value % Receiving iron +  folate (n = 3,508) Chi square p-value
Woman's marital status
Married 19,598 (89.5) 16.8 *** 21.9 *** 15.7 ***
Not Married 2,168 (9.9) 21.0 27.0 19.6
Woman's age
26-35 10,657 (48.7) 15.5 20.0 14.1
Under 18 475 (2.2) 22.1 26.1 21.1
18–25 8,493 (38.8) 19.3 25.4 18.3
Over 35 2,169 (9.9) 16.3 *** 20.7 *** 15.5 ***
Woman's tribe
Chagga 12,679 (57.9) 16.4 *** 21.4 *** 15.3 ***
Pare 2,543 (11.6) 20.0 25.0 18.9
Other 6,611 (30.2) 17.7 23.2 16.4
Woman’s highest educational level
None 355 (1.6) 21.7 * 27.3 21.1
Primary (1–7) 13,355 (61.0) 17.6 23.3 16.9
Secondary (8–11) 1,112 (5.1) 16.1 21.6 15.2
Higher (12+) 6,999 (32.0) 16.2 20.4 14.3
Woman's occupation
Professional 3,487 (15.9) 15.9 *** 19.6 *** 13.4 ***
Housewife 5,613 (25.6) 21.3 26.2 20.3
Farmer 3,947 (18.0) 15.3 22.1 14.7
Service 1,605 (7.3) 15.3 20.3 14.3
Business 5,033 (23.0) 15.7 20.0 15.0
Other 2,026 (9.3) 16.7 24.4 15.5
Partner's tribe
Chagga 11,408 (52.1) 16.2 *** 21.5 *** 15.1 ***
Pare 2,505 (11.4) 19.0 24.6 17.8
Other 7,774 (35.2) 18.3 23.2 17.0
Partner’s highest educational level
None 125 (0.6) 24.8 ** 32.0 24.0
Primary (1–7) 10,812 (49.4) 17.9 23.6 17.1
Secondary (8–11) 836 (3.8) 17.1 22.1 16.0
Higher (12+) 10,011 (45.7) 16.3 20.9 14.8
Partner's occupation
Professional 4,641 (21.2) 15.6 *** 19.4 *** 13.5 ***
Farmer 2,036 (9.3) 20.3 26.2 19.4
Business 7,047 (32.2) 16.1 21.3 15.0
Skilled worker 2,894 (13.2) 10.6 19.3 10.2
Other 707 (3.2) 18.8 27.2 17.3
Service 4,464 (20.4) 23.1 26.5 22.3

Northern Tanzania 1999-2008.

* p < 0.05.

** p < 0.01.

*** p < 0.001.

aThe numbers do not add to the total due to missing values.

Ogundipe et al.

Ogundipe et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:481   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-481

Open Data