Table 3

Cardiovascular Risk Factors as a function of Body Mass Index and weight perception categories
n 95 263 128 61 198 23 p-value2 p-value3 p-value4
BMI category normal overweight overweight obese obese obese n/a n/a n/a
Self reported weight category1 healthy/nl healthy/nl overweight healthy/nl overweight obese n/a n/a n/a
weight perception correct underestim correct underestim underestim correct n/a n/a n/a
Age mean (SD) 35.9 (9.9) 36.0 (8.2) 39.4 (8.5) 36.4 (7.8) 39.3 (8.0) 39.3 (6.9) <0.0001 n/a n/a
BMI mean (SD) 23.7 (1.0) 27.2 (1.3) 28.3 (1.4) 32.5 (2.3) 33.8 (3.1) 39.6 (3.8) <0.0001 <0.0001 n/a
CRF (maximal METS) mean (SD) 13.7 (1.6) 13.4 (1.2) 12.6 (1.3) 12.6 (1.3) 11.8 (1.6) 10.8 (1.6) <0.0001 <0.0001 0.0052
Weekly exercise (days/week) (one day or less) n (%) 15 (16.0) 18 (6.9) 30 (23.4) 5 (8.2) 44 (22.5) 10 (43.5) <0.0001 0.0010 <0.0001
Weekly exercise (2-4 days) n (%) 53 (56.4) 157 (60.2) 84 (65.6) 36 (59.0) 130 (66.3) 13 (56.5)
Weekly exercise (5 days or more) n (%) 26 (27.7) 86 (33.0) 14 (10.9) 20 (32.8) 22 (11.2) 0 (0.0)
MetSyn n(%) 4 (4.2) 20 (7.6) 20 (15.6) 33 (54.1) 118 (59.6) 18 (78.3) <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
HRR1 mean (SD) 36.5 (14.4) 33.8 (14.0) 31.3 (13.7) 32.3 (11.7) 32.2 (12.9) 30.5 (10.8) 0.0702 0.2069 0.5954
RSBP mean (SD) 118.8 (12.3) 121.1 (12.0) 121.4 (12.4) 125.6 (14.6) 125.8 (12.5) 125.5 (10.4) <0.0001 <0.0001 0.6621
RDBP mean (SD) 76.7 (8.0) 78.3 (7.6) 79.5 (7.4) 82.0 (8.2) 83.0 (7.8) 81.5 (5.6) <0.0001 <0.0001 0.1229
HDL- chol mean (SD) 50.4 (11.0) 48.7 (11.3) 43.2 (9.6) 43.3 (10.0) 40.8 (10.1) 40.8 (11.4) <0.0001 <0.0001 0.0004
LDL- chol mean (SD) 109.4 (34.0) 117.7 (34.0) 129.3 (33.8) 116.8 (25.1) 125.9 (34.3) 121.8 (41.5) <0.0001 0.0023 0.0054
TChol mean (SD) 181.7 (37.1) 191.9 (38.1) 203.7 (43.6) 191.0 (29.1) 200.3 (36.2) 211.0 (46.0) <0.0001 0.0010 0.0020
TChol/HDL ratio mean (SD) 3.8 (1.3) 4.2 (1.4) 4.9 (1.5) 4.6 (1.3) 5.1 (1.4) 5.5 (1.7) <0.0001 <0.0001 0.0002
Body fat(%) mean (SD) 16.0 (6.8) n = 32 19.8 (4.0) n = 72 23.8 (3.4) n = 36 27.4 (4.4) n = 20 29.1 (3.6) n = 64 32.5 (4.4) n = 8 <0.0001 <0.0001 0.0055
c-reactive protein mean (SD) 1.5 (2.6) n = 58 1.8 (3.9) n = 136 2.4 (6.0) n = 48 2.0 (2.3) n = 35 3.1 (2.6) n = 102 3.4 (3.6) n = 10 0.0331 0.0336 0.7612
Blood glucose mean (SD) 87.2 (12.2) 92.4 (20.8) 94.8 (13.7) 94.8 (21.8) 97.7 (26.9) 101.7 (19.1) 0.0009 0.0105 0.8976

1Healthy/normal or muscular; Overweight; Obese (fat).

2crude; 3 age adjusted; 4 adjusted for age and BMI.

BMI (Body Mass Index), CRF (Cardio-Respiratory Fitness), METS (Metabolic Equivalent), MetSyn (Metabolic Syndrome), HRR1 (Heart Rate Recovery at one minute into recovery), RSBP (Resting Systolic Blood Pressure), RDBP (Resting Diastolic Blood Pressure), TChol/HDL (Ratio between total cholesterol and HDL).

Baur et al.

Baur et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:480   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-480

Open Data