Table 2

Noncommunicable disease prevalence (%) by wealth quintile, and wealth-related inequality among adults of 41 low- and middle-income countries, World Health Survey 2002-04
Angina Arthritis Asthma Depression Diabetes Co-morbidity
Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI Estimate 95% CI
Men Middle-income group Wealth quintile 1 13.0 11.9 14.1 6.9 6.1 7.7 9.5 8.4 10.6 5.5 4.7 6.2 2.7 2.2 3.2 8.3 7.4 9.1
Wealth quintile 2 10.5 9.2 11.8 6.8 6.0 7.6 7.7 6.7 8.6 4.0 3.2 4.8 3.0 2.4 3.6 6.6 5.8 7.4
Wealth quintile 3 9.8 8.8 10.8 6.5 5.8 7.2 6.6 5.8 7.4 3.9 3.3 4.6 4.1 3.5 4.7 6.3 5.5 7.0
Wealth quintile 4 8.9 8.0 9.8 7.0 6.2 7.8 5.7 5.0 6.4 4.4 3.7 5.2 3.7 3.2 4.2 6.1 5.3 6.8
Wealth quintile 5 6.9 6.0 7.8 5.1 4.3 5.8 4.1 3.5 4.7 2.3 1.8 2.8 4.3 3.8 4.9 4.1 3.4 4.8
Slope index of inequality Model 1* 7.3 5.0 9.6 2.4 0.3 4.5 5.4 3.4 7.5 2.5 1.1 3.8 -1.7 -2.8 -0.5 4.6 2.5 6.6
Model 2** 6.4 3.7 9.1 1.5 -1.0 4.0 3.2 1.0 5.4 2.9 1.0 4.8 -0.8 -2.2 0.6 3.5 1.0 6.0
Low-income group Wealth quintile 1 10.8 9.9 11.6 4.5 3.9 5.1 6.7 5.9 7.5 5.7 5.0 6.4 0.7 0.4 1.0 5.7 5.1 6.4
Wealth quintile 2 10.9 10.0 11.8 5.0 4.4 5.6 5.7 5.0 6.4 4.8 4.2 5.5 1.0 0.7 1.3 5.1 4.4 5.7
Wealth quintile 3 9.3 8.4 10.2 4.2 3.7 4.7 5.9 5.2 6.7 4.8 4.1 5.4 1.2 0.9 1.4 4.9 4.2 5.5
Wealth quintile 4 8.2 7.4 9.0 4.7 4.0 5.4 5.4 4.7 6.0 4.7 4.0 5.5 1.4 1.1 1.7 4.4 3.7 5.1
Wealth quintile 5 6.6 5.7 7.4 3.7 3.2 4.3 4.4 3.8 5.0 4.1 3.5 4.7 2.5 2.1 2.9 3.3 2.7 3.9
Slope index of inequality Model 1* 7.8 5.9 9.8 2.2 0.8 3.7 4.1 2.7 5.4 2.5 0.8 4.2 -3.4 -4.5 -2.2 5.0 3.5 6.5
Model 2** 5.0 2.8 7.3 0.6 -1.0 2.3 2.5 0.7 4.4 2.0 0.2 3.9 -1.4 -2.7 -0.2 3.5 1.6 5.4
Women Middle-income group Wealth quintile 1 18.6 17.4 19.9 9.6 8.7 10.4 9.2 8.4 10.1 9.1 8.2 10.0 4.2 3.6 4.9 12.2 11.3 13.1
Wealth quintile 2 16.9 15.7 18.1 10.5 9.6 11.4 7.8 6.9 8.6 7.3 6.6 8.1 4.9 4.3 5.5 11.4 10.4 12.4
Wealth quintile 3 15.6 14.4 16.8 10.1 9.3 11.0 7.1 6.3 7.8 7.0 6.1 7.8 4.6 4.1 5.1 10.4 9.5 11.3
Wealth quintile 4 13.4 12.3 14.5 10.3 9.4 11.1 5.4 4.8 5.9 7.5 6.7 8.3 5.2 4.5 5.8 9.5 8.7 10.4
Wealth quintile 5 11.9 10.8 12.9 9.8 8.9 10.7 5.6 5.0 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.8 5.6 4.9 6.3 8.3 7.5 9.2
Slope index of inequality Model 1* 10.6 7.2 13.9 1.0 -1.5 3.5 4.9 1.7 8.2 3.7 1.9 5.5 -2.2 -4.9 0.5 4.8 1.7 7.8
Model 2** 10.4 6.7 14.2 1.2 -1.8 4.3 4.4 0.9 8.0 3.6 1.4 5.8 -2.5 -5.7 0.7 4.3 0.8 7.9
Low-income group Wealth quintile 1 15.4 14.4 16.3 6.3 5.6 7.0 6.4 5.7 7.1 8.6 7.7 9.4 0.6 0.4 0.9 7.3 6.6 8.0
Wealth quintile 2 15.7 14.7 16.8 6.6 5.9 7.2 7.4 6.6 8.2 8.5 7.7 9.3 1.0 0.7 1.2 7.9 7.2 8.7
Wealth quintile 3 14.0 12.9 15.2 6.8 6.0 7.5 6.5 5.7 7.3 8.2 7.4 9.1 1.1 0.8 1.4 7.4 6.6 8.2
Wealth quintile 4 13.2 12.1 14.3 5.8 5.1 6.4 5.8 5.1 6.5 7.6 6.8 8.4 1.7 1.3 2.0 6.4 5.7 7.1
Wealth quintile 5 11.9 10.6 13.2 5.5 4.7 6.3 5.9 5.2 6.6 5.8 5.0 6.6 3.2 2.7 3.7 6.3 5.5 7.2
Slope index of inequality Model 1* 7.0 4.3 9.7 2.0 0.3 3.6 1.1 -0.4 2.6 4.2 2.3 6.2 -4.0 -5.3 -2.8 3.1 1.4 4.8
Model 2** 4.9 1.1 8.7 1.1 -1.1 3.2 0.5 -1.3 2.2 1.8 -0.7 4.3 -2.7 -3.9 -1.6 1.2 -0.9 3.3

* Model 1 is adjusted for country of residence and age.

** Model 2 is adjusted for country of residence, age, marital status, urban/rural area and education.

Hosseinpoor et al.

Hosseinpoor et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:474   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-474

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