Table 3

Distribution of the independent variable and the cofactors in the DV subsample (n = 69,805) and the rest of the sample (n = 28,266)

Selected and interviewed

(n = 69,805)

Not selected/not interviewed

(n = 28,266)

p-value
Education gap
Husband higher educated 35.1% 36.5% p < 0.001
Wife higher educated 10.5% 11.4%
No gap_high education 31.5% 30.4%
No gap_low education 22.9% 21.7%
Current age respondent
≤ 24 years 21.2% 27.8% p < 0.001
25 to 34 years 42.8% 26.8%
> 34 years 36.0% 45.4%
Highest educational level
No education 38.6% 36.2% p < 0.001
Primary 16.2% 18.7%
Secondary 36.3% 36.6%
Higher 8.9% 8.5%
Wealth index
Poorest and poorer 30.1% 24.7% p < 0.001
Middle 19.3% 18.7%
Richer and richest 50.6% 56.6%
Number of household members (binary)
1–6 77.8% 44.7% p < 0.001
>6 22.2% 55.3%
Religion
Muslim 17.1% 30.8% p < 0.001
Hindu 70.6% 60.4%
Other 12.2% 8.8%
Relationship to head of household
Wife 73.4% 51.6% p < 0.001
Daughter in law 19.7% 36.6%
Other 6.9% 11.8%
Working status
No 65.1% 69.3% p < 0.001
Yes 34.9% 30.7%
Type of place of residence
Urban 43.5% 41.7% p < 0.001
Rural 56.5% 58.3%

p-values of Pearson’s Chi2-Test.

Rapp et al.

Rapp et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:467   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-467

Open Data