Table 2

Descriptive information on selected individual characteristics of the third through sixth graders at the 52 elementary schools in southern Taiwan, 2008 and 2009

Parameter

Wave 1

Wave 2


Male

Female

X2, t

P

Male

Female

X2, t

P


Children smoking status (n, %)

Never smokers

976

82.7

997

90.6

34.10

< 0.001

889

86.0

996

91.8

18.57

< 0.001

Former smokers

150

12.7

86

7.8

111

10.7

71

6.5

Current smokers

54

4.6

17

1.6

34

3.3

18

1.7

Family smokes (n, %)

No

395

33.3

352

31.8

2.15

0.543

383

36.4

378

34.2

4.98

0.173

Smoking in front of me

Never

163

13.8

150

13.6

120

11.4

136

12.3

Sometimes

346

29.2

354

32.0

273

26.0

328

29.7

Always

281

23.7

251

22.7

276

26.2

264

23.9

Household SHS exposure (n, %)

None

466

40.8

423

39.3

1.32

0.517

429

42.3

454

42.2

0.25

0.883

1-3 days/week

254

22.3

261

24.3

221

21.8

244

22.7

4+ days/week

421

36.9

391

36.4

363

35.8

378

35.1

Attitude toward smoking (mean ± SD)

17.06 ± 4.65

16.02 ± 3.92

5.75

< 0.001

16.59 ± 4.65

15.93 ± 4.24

3.42

< 0.001

Knowledge (mean ± SD)

7.42 ± 2.33

7.67 ± 2.02

-2.73

0.006

7.55 ± 2.36

7.71 ± 2.11

-1.65

0.010


Huang et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:40   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-40

Open Data