|Subjective and objective assessments of vending machine items|
|Adoption status||Adopter in vending machines||Adopter in vending machines||Non-adopter in vending machines|
|Food vending machines|
|ANGCY implementation score||67% High||71% High||41% Moderate|
|Availability of CMO food items||2% Very limited||4%1 Very limited||0% None|
|Nutrient content of food machine items||216 kcals, 42% fat, 54% CHO (13g sugar, 1g fibre), 6% protein, 198 mg sodium||155 kcals, 29% fat, 62% CHO (6g sugar, 2g fibre), 8% protein, 218 mg sodium||285 kcals, 35% fat, 60% CHO (22g sugar, 2g fibre), 3% protein, 277 mg sodium|
|Beverage vending machines|
|ANGCY implementation score||85% Very high||85% Very high||83% Very high|
|Availability of CMO beverages||31% Limited||26% Limited||13% Very limited|
|Nutrient content of beverage machine items||126 kcals, 0% fat, 98% CHO (28g sugar, 0g fibre), 3% protein, 77 mg sodium||107 kcals, 0% fat, 100% CHO (28g sugar, 0g fibre), 0% protein, 130 mg sodium||138 kcals, 0% fat, 100% CHO (38g sugar, 0g fibre), 0% protein, 126 mg sodium|
|Managers’ perceptions of the health of vending machine items||“Our requirement is [that] 25% [of vending items be healthy] and they meet that, but it doesn’t move so it sits there and the other [unhealthy] stuff on top moves… I wish there was better options… to have stuff in there that is new and interesting and does sell.”||“In terms of vending, there are healthier choices. I wouldn’t say it’s successful… [but] it’s better than it was. .. Am I jumping up and down saying we did it? No, because there’s more to do.”||“I’ve actually never really told them what to put in the vending machines. I don’t eat chips, I don’t eat stuff like that, so I don’t even think about it… We did mention to them that we would like some healthy [items]… but other than that… he’s trying to maximize his sales for the stuff that the kids like.”|
|Managers’ perception of the proportion of items that are healthy||25%||25-30%||15%|
ANGCY: Alberta Nutrition Guidelines for Children and Youth; CHO: carbohydrate; CMO: choose most often; kcals: calories.
1This facility had a much higher proportion of “choose sometimes” food items in vending machines compared to others, at 77% of items. The proportion of “choose sometimes” items in vending machines in other facilities did not exceed 8%.
Olstad et al.
Olstad et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:376 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-376