|Major components of Greenhalgh et al’s conceptual model for considering the determinants of diffusion, dissemination and implementation of innovations in organizations|
|Attributes of the innovation||Perceived attributes of the innovation explain much of the variance in adoption rates||Relative advantage, complexity, observability|
|Organizational antecedents for innovation||General features of the organization that make it more or less innovative||Receptive context for change, absorptive capacity|
|Organizational readiness for innovation||Readiness and/or willingness of the organization to adopt a particular innovation||Power balances, tension for change, innovation-system fit|
|Adopters and the adoption process||Influential aspects of adopters and of adoption as a process||Meaning of the innovation to potential adopters|
|Processes of assimilation||Organizations may move back and forth between initiation, development and implementation of the innovation||Complex, non-linear processes|
|Implementation process||Specific steps involved in putting a decision into practice||Effective management, feedback and monitoring|
|Communication and influence||Means of spreading the innovation||Champions, diffusion, dissemination|
|Outer context||External influences on the organization||Socio-political climate, environmental stability|
|Linkage between developers and users||Connections that facilitate movement of the innovation from developers to users||Effective knowledge transfer from developers to users|
Source: Based on a systematic review of empirical research studies .
Olstad et al.
Olstad et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:376 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-376