Table 4

Educational inequalities in use of health care comparing low educational to high educational level
Country Visit GP* Visit specialist* Visit any doctor* Hospital admission* Use of any medication* Use of prescribed medicine* Cholesterol screening in last 5 years Blood pressure screening in the last 5 years Cervical cancer screening
OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)** OR (CI95)**
Western Europe
Belgium 1.14 (1.09–1.20) 0.73 (0.69–0.77) 0.95 (0.91–1.00) 0.99 (0.90–1.11) 0.82 (0.78–0.86) 1.15 (1.07–1.24) 0.69 (0.66–0.72) 0.73 (0.66–0.79) 0.55 (0.50–0.61)
Switzerland NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Nordic countries
Sweden NA NA 0.83 (0.73–0.94) NA NA NA NA NA NA
Finland NA NA 0.78 (0.73–0.84) NA NA NA 0.60 (0.53–0.68) 0.71 (0.56–0.91) NA
Denmark 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 0.64 (0.54–0.76) 0.84 (0.76–0.92) 1.06 (0.88–1.28) 0.92 (0.84–1.02) 1.08 (0.93–1.24) 0.85 (0.77–0.94) 0.88 (0.80–0.98) NA
Norway 1.00 (0.82–1.24) 0.70 (0.56–0.87) 0.96 (0.78–1.19) 1.13 (0.89–1.44) 1.20 (0.97–1.47) 1.07 (0.86–1.32) NA NA NA
Southern Europe
Italy 1.03 (0.98–1.08) 0.72 (0.69–0.76) 0.87 (0.83–0.90) 1.05 (0.98–1.13) 0.83 (0.81–0.87) 1.21 (1.13–1.31) 0.84 (0.82–0.87) 0.82 (0.79–0.85) 0.70 (0.68–0.73)
Spain NA NA 0.91 (0.82–1.01) 0.88 (0.75–1.02) 0.90 (0.83–0.98) NA NA NA NA
Baltic region
Estonia 0.87 (0.74–1.02) 0.74 (0.63–0.86) 0.73 (0.62–0.87) 1.10 (0.92–1.33) 1.09 (0.92–1.27) NA 0.83 (0.70–0.98) 0.72 (0.50–1.02) 0.55 (0.44–0.69)
Lithuania NA NA 0.74 (0.67–0.82) NA NA NA 0.97 (0.88–1.07) 0.69 (0.61–0.78) NA
Central and Eastern Europe
Slovenia NA NA 0.79 (0.56–1.12) NA NA NA NA NA NA
Poland NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Czech Republic NA NA NA 0.97 (0.78–1.12) 0.66 (0.54–0.81) 1.58 (1.23–2.03) 0.79 (0.70–0.90) 1.07 (0.94–1.22) 0.62 (0.48–0.81)
Hungary 0.80 (0.71–0.89) 0.55 (0.49–0.61) 0.65 (0.58–0.75) 1.00 (0.89–1.13) 0.65 (0.59–0.73) 0.59 (0.55–0.65) 0.67 (0.55–0.86) NA

*Adjusted for age, sex and self rated health, **(OR CI95)=odd ratio with 95% confidence interval’ In the calculation of the odds ratio the highest educational level is the reference group.

For Switzerland and Poland no survey data were available.

Plug et al.

Plug et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:346   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-346

Open Data