Table 3

Univariate and multivariate models predicting the odds ratios of developing diabetes mellitus among the participants of the study area in Cyprus
Univariate Models OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex – Males vs. Females 1.876 (0.75, 4.66) 0.18
Age (year) 1.047 (1.02, 1.08) 0.001
Smoke – Yes vs. No 2.563 (1.05, 6.25) 0.04
Log arsenic exposure (mg) 1.777 (1.08, 2.92) 0.02
Education
 High School vs. Elementary 0.672 (0.25, 1.81) 0.43
 Undergraduate vs. Elementary 0.431 (0.11, 1.69) 0.23
 Postgraduate vs. Elementary 0.481 (0.06, 4.07) 0.50
Tertiles of arsenic exposure
 Second vs. First 4.781 (1.01, 22.69) 0.05
 Third vs. First 5.368 (1.15, 25.13) 0.03
Quintiles of arsenic exposure
 Second vs. First 0.968 (0.13, 7.09) 0.97
 Third vs. First 2.632 (0.49, 14.11) 0.26
 Fourth vs. First 1.500 (0.24, 9.30) 0.66
 Fifth vs. First 5.000 (1.03, 24.17) 0.04
Multivariate Models OR (95% CI) p-value
Model 1
 Age (year) 1.036 (1.00, 1.07) 0.04
 Males vs. Females 1.280 (0.43, 3.84) 0.66
 Smoke – Yes vs. No 2.034 (0.69, 5.99) 0.20
 Log arsenic exposure (mg) 1.287 (0.74, 2.25) 0.38
Model 2
 Age (year) 1.041 (1.00, 1.08) 0.02
 Males vs. Females 1.268 (0.42, 3.81) 0.67
 Smoke – Yes vs. No 2.000 (0.68, 5.91) 0.21
 Tertiles of arsenic exposure
  Second vs. First 3.493 (0.70, 17.33) 0.13
  Third vs. First 2.287 (0.41, 12.66) 0.34
Model 3
 Age (year) 1.038 (1.00, 1.08) 0.03
 Males vs. Females 1.425 (0.47, 4.29) 0.53
 Smoke – Yes vs. No 1.867 (0.63, 5.51) 0.26
 Quintiles of arsenic exposure
  Second vs. First 0.717 (0.09, 5.56) 0.75
  Third vs. First 1.791 (0.31, 10.26) 0.51
  Fourth vs. First 0.774 (0.109, 5.516) 0.80
 Fifth vs. First 1.857 (0.298, 11.592) 0.51

Makris et al.

Makris et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:334   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-334

Open Data