Table 2

Reported pre-travel-health behaviors and vaccine uptake by traveler region of residence (N = 808*)
Pre-travel health behavior Region of residence

Australia

(N = 384)

Other Western countries

(N = 199)

Asia

(N = 225)

Visited any doctor in the past year 265 (69.0%)a 130 (65.3%) a 117 (52.0%)
Visited doctor for travel-health advice prior to this trip
Any health professional 158 (41.1%) a 76 (38.2%) a 52 (23.1%)
General practitioner 129 (33.6%) a 55 (27.6%) 46 (20.4%)
Travel doctor/clinic 13 (3.4%) b 17 (8.5%) a 5 (2.2%)
Other health professional 17 (4.4%) 7 (3.5%) 2 (0.9%)
Sought travel health advice from non-medicalsource
Any non-medical source 122 (31.8%)b 93 (46.7%) a 62 (27.6%)
Travel agent 45 (11.7%) b 36 (18.1%) 30 (13.3%)
Researched on the internet 46 (12.0%) a b 43 (21.6%) a 12 (5.3%)
Government travel advisory 28 (7.3%) b 26 (13.1%) 17 (7.6%)
Other source 17 (4.4%) 11 (5.5%) 7 (3.1%)
Source of travel health advice
None 181 (47.1%) a 90 (45.2%) a 140 (62.2%)
Health professional only 82 (21.4%) 16 (8.0%) 23 (10.2%)
Health professional/other source 76 (19.8%) 61 (30.7%) 28 (12.4%)
Other source only 45 (11.7%) 32 (16.1%) 34 (15.1%)
Vaccinated
Any pre-travel vaccine 46 (12.0%) a b 43 (21.6%) a 11 (4.9%)
Two or more vaccines 26 (6.8%) a b 30 (15.1%) a 5 (2.2%)
Hepatitis A 24 (6.3%) 30 (15.1%) 4 (1.8%)
Hepatitis B 19 (4.9%) 23 (11.6%) 4 (1.8%)
Tetanus 11 (2.9%) 16 (8.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Typhoid 17 (4.4%) 10 (5.0%) 2 (0.9%)
Influenza 16 (4.2%) 2 (1.0%) 6 (2.7%)
Measles/mumps/rubella 6 (1.6%) 2 (1.0%) 2 (0.9%)
Polio 7 (1.8%) 4 (2.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Cholera 5 (1.3%) 1 (0.5%) 1 (0.4%)

* Excludes travelers from other regions (n = 35).

† Multiple responses allowed.

a % reporting outcome is significantly different to proportion reported by Asian travelers (p < 0.05).

b % reporting outcome is significantly different to proportion reported by other Western travelers (p < 0.05).

Heywood et al.

Heywood et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:321   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-321

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