Table 4

Odds ratios (OR) for use of antidepressants in participants living alone compared to participants not living alone, separately for men and women

Use of antidepressant medication


At baseline

During 7-year follow-up

Incident 7-year usea


Predictor: living alone (ref. = not alone)

OR (95% CI)

% reduction

OR (95% CI)

% reduction

OR (95% CI)

% reduction


Men (n = 1695)


Adjustment in addition to age and gender:

1. None

1.85 (1.06-3.25)

0

1.72 (1.21-2.44)

0

1.62 (1.09-2.41)

0

2. Psychosocial factorsb

1.59 (0.89-2.83)

31

1.57 (1.09-2.25)

21

1.53 (1.02-2.29)

15

3. Sociodemographic factorsc

1.73 (0.96-3.09)

14

1.65 (1.15-2.37)

10

1.62 (1.08-2.43)

0

4. Health behaviorsd

1.81 (1.03-3.18)

5

1.64 (1.15-2.34)

11

1.56 (1.04-2.33)

10

5. All of the above

1.56 (0.86-2.85)

34

1.51 (1.04-2.20)

29

1.52 (1.00-2.31)

16

Women (n = 1776)


Adjustment in addition to age and gender:

1. None

1.54 (1.00-2-39)

0

1.89 (1.40-2.54)

0

1.74 (1.24-2.45)

0

2. Psychosocial factorsb

1.43 (0.91-2.22)

20

1.81 (1.34-2.45)

9

1.71 (1.21-2.42)

4

3. Sociodemographic factorsc

1.41 (0.89-2.22)

24

1.65 (1.21-2.25)

27

1.51 (1.05-2.15)

31

4. Health behaviorsd

1.50 (0.97-2.32)

7

1.83 (1.36-2.46)

7

1.70 (1.20-2.39)

5

5. All of the above

1.29 (0.80-2.06)

46

1.58 (1.15-2.17)

35

1.49 (1.03-2.14)

34


Data: The Health 2000 Study, n = 3471

aNew users during the follow-up with no purchases at the baseline (in 2000 or 2001)

bLow social support at the workplace, low social support in private life, poor job climate, hostile personality

cLow educational level, low occupational grade, low income, unemployement, urbanicity, living at rent, housing disadvantages

dRegular smoking, alcohol heavy use (> 20 g women, > 40 g men), sedentary lifestyle, obesity (BMI > 30)

Pulkki-RÃ¥back et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:236   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-236

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