Table 1

Characteristics of the study variables

n (%)


Men

(n = 1695)

Women

(n = 1776)

All

(n = 3471)

P for gender

difference


Number of participants living alone

244 (14.4)

260 (14.6)

504 (14.5)

0.838

Number of antidepressant users:

At baseline

75 (4.4)

140 (7.9)

215 (6.2)

< 0.001

During 7-year follow-up

235 (13.9)

362 (20.4)

597 (17.2)

< 0.001

Incident users during 7-year follow-up

175 (10.3)

245 (13.8)

420 (12.1)

0.002

Psychosocial factors:a

Poor job climate

622 (36.7)

604 (34.0)

1226 (35.3)

0.098

Lack of support at the workplace

618 (36.5)

551 (31.0)

1169 (33.7)

0.001

Lack of social support in private life

600 (35.4)

626 (35.2)

1226 (35.3)

0.926

High cynical hostility

455 (26.8)

466 (26.2)

921 (26.5)

0.687

Sociodemographic factors:

Low occupational grade (blue-collar)

753 (44.4)

431 (24.3)

1184 (34.1)

< 0.001

Lack of secondary education

387 (22.8)

384 (21.6)

771 (22.2)

0.391

Low income (< 50% of national median)

182 (10.7)

213 (12.0)

395 (11.4)

0.244

Temporarily outside working lifeb

122 (7.2)

170 (9.6)

292 (8.4)

0.012

Urban residency

1058 (62.4)

1193 (67.2)

2251 (64.9)

0.003

Living at rent

379 (22.4)

402 (22.6)

781 (22.5)

0.846

Poor housing conditionsc

152 (9.0)

185 (10.4)

337 (9.7)

0.149

Health behaviors:

Daily smokers

490 (28.9)

380 (21.4)

870 (25.1)

< 0.001

Heavy alcohol used

241 (14.2)

135 (7.6)

376 (10.8)

< 0.001

Infrequent physical activitye

336 (19.8)

424 (23.9)

760 (21.9)

0.004

Obesity (BMI ≥ 30)

310 (18.3)

340 (19.1)

650 (18.7)

0.519


The Health 2000 Study, n = 3471

aThe highest tertile is the cut-off point

bUnemployed, home-maker, full-time student, or retired during past 12 months

cAt least 2 of the following: draft, noise, dust or dirt, dampness, chilliness, crowding, fear

dAccording to WHO definintion: > 20 g for women per day, > 40 g for men per day

eLess than 4 times per week of any activity, including moderate activity such as walking

Pulkki-Råback et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:236   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-236

Open Data