Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics of participants by gender

Male

(n = 371)

Female

(n = 321)

Total

(n = 692)


n

%

n

%

n

%


Age*


12-14

13

3.5

12

3.7

25

3.6


15-18

110

29.6

125

38.9

235

34.0


19-24

248

66.8

184

57.3

432

62.4


Orphan status


Double

270

72.8

214

66.7

484

69.9


Maternal

67

18.1

79

24.6

246

21.1


Paternal

18

4.9

16

5.0

34

4.9


Both alive

3

0.8

3

0.9

6

0.9


Uncertain

13

3.5

9

2.8

22

3.2


Number of years as head of household


< 5

173

46.6

147

45.9

320

46.3


5-9

150

40.4

140

43.8

290

42.0


> = 10

48

12.9

33

10.3

81

11.7


Number of other children and adolescents in household***


0

93

25.1

42

13.1

135

19.5


1-2

185

49.9

170

53.0

355

51.3


3-4

82

11.8

88

27.4

170

24.6


5 or more

11

3.0

21

6.5

32

4.6


School attendance


Ever attended school

325

87.6

280

87.2

605

87.4


Currently in school

35

9.4

30

9.3

65

9.4


Education achievement


Less than primary

285

77.0

233

72.8

518

75.1


Primary (7 years)

62

16.8

67

20.9

129

18.7


More than primary

23

6.2

20

6.3

43

6.2


Household characteristics


3 or more rooms

272

74.3

252

79.2

524

76.6


Roof in tile or tin

340

91.6

298

92.8

638

92.2


Have a source of light

228

62.0

198

61,9

426

61.9


Latrine*

266

72.3

208

65.0

474

68.9


Eat one meal per day

161

43.4

140

43.6

301

43.4


Assets owned


Farm/grazing land

351

94.6

307

95.6

658

95.1


Livestock

280

75.5

237

73.8

517

74.7


Mattress

35

9.4

39

12.1

74

10.7


Blanket

310

83.6

268

83.5

578

83.5


Shoes

222

59.8

207

64.5

429

62.0


Spare set of clothes**

259

69.8

252

78.5

511

73.8


Assets index (mean score, range 1-6)

3.5 (SD 1.47)

3.6 (SD 1.51)

3.6 (SD 1.50)


Social connectedness


Belong to 1 or more community groups

223

60.1

211

65.7

434

62.7


Peers relationships


One close friend they can count on

340

91.6

293

91.3

633

91.5


Feel they belong to a group of friends

337

91.1

292

91.3

629

91.2


Moved 2 or more times during last 5 years**

124

33.7

69

21.6

193

28.1


Adult support (mean score, range 1-5)

3.3 (SD 1.06)

3.4 (SD 1.05)

3.4 (SD 1.06)


Drink alcohol***

221

59.6

121

37.7

342

49.4


How often he/she drinks alcohol***φ


Daily

23

10.4

2

1.7

25

7.3


Once a week

135

61.1

56

46.3

191

55.8


Once a month

50

22.6

51

42.1

101

29.5


Once a year/special event

13

5.9

12

9.9

25

7.3


Use drugs**

8

2.2

0

0.0

8

1.2


Depression index (mean score, range 1-55) ¶**

23.5 (SD 8.69)

25.2 (SD 9.26)

24.3 (SD 8.99)


χ2 *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; ¶t-test **p ≤ 0.01

φOnly for those who drink alcohol (221 males, 121 females)

Ntaganira et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:225   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-225

Open Data