Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics and feeding practices of 0–18 month-old infants by anemia status in rural Shaanxi province, China, 2010
Variable Anemic Non-anemic Odds ratio (95% CI)
Birth weight (n = 227)
 <2500 g 5 3 4.85 (1.12-20.96)
 ≥2500 g 56 163 1.00
Number of siblings (n = 335)
 ≥2 10 7 2.76 (1.01-7.55)
 1 38 75 0.98 (0.60-1.59)
 0 70 135 1.00
Mother’s education (years) (n = 335)
 >9 14 33 0.36 (0.13-0.99)
 ≤9 65 127 0.43 (0.18-1.02)
 ≤6 26 46 0.48 (0.19-1.22)
 ≤3 13 11 1.00
Average income per month RMB (n = 336)
 ≤800 58 82 1.60 (1.02-2.52)
 >800 60 136 1.00
Person to room ratio (n = 336)
 >3 40 50 2.44(1.26-4.75)
 ≤3 59 110 1.64(0.89-3.00)
 ≤1.5 19 58 1.00
Breast-feeding* (n = 336)
 No 32 27 2.63 (1.49-4.66)
 Yes 86 191 1.00
Age of introduction of complementary food (n = 336)
 <4 months or >6 months 47 53 2.06 (1.27-3.34)
 4-6 months 71 165 1.00
Frequency of high-quality complementary foods (n = 336)
 ≥2 times per month 35 121 0.34 (0.21-0.55)
 <2 times per month 83 97 1.00

*Breast-feeding: exclusive breast-feeding and predominant breast-feeding during the first 4 months of life.

Yang et al.

Yang et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1127   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1127

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