Table 2

Association of active trachoma and potential risk factors among children 1–9 years in Baso Liben District from February to April, 2012
Characteristics Trachoma status Crude OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)
Total examined N (%) Positive N (%)
Agro-climate
  Low land 273(34.5) 80(29.3) 1.52(1.09-2.12)* 1.12(0.58-2.16)
  Medium land 519(65.5) 111(21.4) 1
Educational status of head of household
  Illiterate 219(59.2) 78(35.8) 7.85(4.85-12.70)*** 5.18(2.93-9.17)***
  primary& above 146(40.8) 10(6.6) 1
Average monthly income
  <600 443(55.9) 148(18.7) 4.60(2.81- 7.53)*** 2.98(1.85-7.85)***
  601–1200 239(30.2) 41(5.2) 2.37(1.37- 4.09) 3.89(1.87-8.09)
  1201–2000 75(9.5) 2(0.3) 1.01(.53- 1.93) 1.29(0.56-3.81)
  >2000 35(4.4) 0(0) 1
Access to water source
  ≤ 30 minutes walk away 729(92) 209(28.7) 1
  > 30 minutes walk away 63(8) 8(12.7) 2.78(1.99-3.88)*** 2.01(1.27-3.15)**
Daily average Water consumption
  < 20 liters per head 160(20.2) 41(25.60 2.55(1.07-6.08)*** 4.88(1.51-15.78)**
  20–40 liters per head 313(39.5) 100(31.9) 3.48(1.53-7.55) 5.45(1.85-16.01)
  40–60 liters per head 152(19.2) 18(11.8) 0.99(0.39-0.2.52) 1.46(.451-4.77)
  60–80 liters per head 108(13.6) 25(23.1) 2.23(0.90-5.54) 2.37(.72-7.74)
  >80 l per head 59(7.5) 7(11.9) 1
Frequency of larine usage
  Always 387(76.7) 39(10.1) 1
  Sometimes 117(23.3) 53(45.3) 1.58(0.14-0.32)*** 1.75(0.12-0.42)**
Usage of soap
  Yes 250(31.5) 22(8.8) 1
  No 542(68.5) 169(31.2) 4.69(2.92-7.54)*** 5.84(1.98-17.19)**
Clean face of child
  Clean face 46(5.8) 1(2.2) 1
  Unclean face 746(94.2) 190(25.5) 15.37(2.10-11.32)** 18.68(1.98-175.55)*
Number of fly on face of child
  0–3 546(69.9) 73(13.4) 1
  4–7 204(25.7) 94(46.1) 5.53(3.82-8.01)*** 3.77(2.26-6.29)**
  >7 42(5.3) 24(57.5) 8.63(4.47-16.69) 4.47(1.86-10.70)
Knowledge of heads of household
  Knowledgeable 188(51.5) 30(16.6) 1
  Less knowledge 177(48.5) 57(32.1) 2.37(1.69-3.32)*** 3.91(2.40-6.38)***

***Significant at p-value ≤0.001, ** significant at p-value ≤ 0.01, * significant at p-value ≤0.05.

Ketema et al.

Ketema et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1105   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1105

Open Data