Table 1

Baseline characteristics in relation to the development of prediabetes and diabetes
Men Women
NFG IFG DM P value* NFG IFG DM P value*
No. of subjects 703 1190 64 582 343 26
Age (years) 47.2±15.5 52.1±14.6 # 54.8±14.0 # <0.001 42.9±12.8 52.4±12.8 # 50.5±14.5 # <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.0±3.3 25.2±3.2 # 26.4±2.8 #& <0.001 22.2±3.0 23.8±3.6 # 25.5±5.0 #& <0.001
WC (cm) 82.1±8.4 85.0±8.4 # 90.0±6.0 #& <0.001 73.2±8.2 78.5±8.9 # 83.3±11.6 #& <0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 120.8±14.8 126.2±16.4 # 133.2±18.3 #& <0.001 111.9±15.6 121.4±17.9 # 129.0±19.0 #& <0.001
DBP (mm Hg) 79.3±9.6 81.6±9.7 # 84.1±11.5 # <0.001 74.8±9.5 78.8±9.0 # 82.5±10.3 # <0.001
TC (mmol/L) 4.6±0.7 4.8±0.8 # 4.9±1.1 # <0.001 4.6±0.6 4.8±0.7 # 4.7±0.8 <0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.7±0.6 2.8±0.7 # 2.8±0.6 0.002 2.5±0.6 2.7±0.7 # 2.5±0.7 <0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.3±0.3 1.3±0.3 1.2±0.3 & 0.038 1.4±0.3 1.4±0.3 # 1.3±0.2 # <0.001
TG (mmol/L) 1.2(1.0-1.5) 1.4(1.1-1.8) # 1.7(1.4-2.1) #& <0.001 1.0(0.8-1.2) 1.3(1.1-1.6) # 1.5(1.2-2.3) #& <0.001
FPG (mmol/L) 4.9±0.4 5.0±0.3 # 4.8±0.7 & <0.001 4.8±0.5 5.0±0.4 # 4.8±0.5 <0.001

Values are expressed as means ± standard deviation. TG was described by median and inter-quartile range.

Abbreviations: NFG, normal fasting glucose; IFG, impaired fasting glucose; DM, diabetes mellitus; BMI; body mass index; WC, waist circumference; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol; LDL-C, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol; HDL-C, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; FPG, fasting plasma glucose.

* Comparison among three groups.

# Compared with NFG group, P <0.05.

& Compared with IFG group, P <0.05.

Zhang et al.

Zhang et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1081   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1081

Open Data