Table 5

Average 24-Hour Nutrient Intake among Patients with Wasting and Severe Disease Stratified by Sex
Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Wasted Pulmonary tuberculosis disease
BMI Lean tissue mass Mild Moderate-severe
Women (n=17) Men (n=18) Women (n=2) Men (n=18) Women (n=16) Men (n=8) Women (n=19) Men (n=20)
Energy (MJ) 5.81 (3.66) 8.87 (4.35)b 2.37 (0.44) 8.54 (4.29)b 7.49 (3.12) 12.83 (2.88)a 5.17 (3.04) 7.00 (2.80)b
Protein (g) 40.5 (25.6) 60.9 (44) 14.3 (1.8) 58.9 (44.5)b 57.5 (46.5) 96.6 (43.6)b 37.8 (23.7) 42.0 (17.7)
Total fat (g) 30.8 (41.0) 68.6 (53.6)a 8.7 (2.6) 63.2 (54.5) 45.4 (40.6) 94.0 (54.6)b 27.0 (24.1) 43.1 (34.6)
Carbohydrate (g) 248 (130) 316 (133) 112 (23) 310 (129)b 297 (108) 450 (114)b 218 (120) 284 (130)
Calcium (mg) 269 (361) 620 (1175) 105 (90) 616 (1177) 656 (1137) 1002 (1718) 259 (303) 356 (381)
Magnesium (mg) 208 (243) 300 (238) 30 (17) 306 (240)b 238 (195) 460 (280)b 218 (233) 221 (105)
Zinc (mg) 5.3 (4.7) 7.6 (5.2) 1.1 (0.5) 7.4 (5.2)b 5.1 (3.2) 11.5 (5.3)b 5.1 (4.3) 5.5 (2.2)
Iron (mg) 11.1 (12.5) 12.2 (11.6) 2.0 (0.3) 11.9 (11.6)b 10.1 (7.3) 17.5 (15.2) 10.8 (12.5) 9.6 (5.6)
Vitamin A (RE) 432 (382) 591 (833) 99 (40) 566 (839) 774 (756) 704 (930) 397 (428) 444 (664)
Folate (μg) 341 (234) 336 (281) 155 (148) 314 (279) 442 (281) 471 (304) 252 (169) 272 (192)

p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; ap-value <0.001, bp-value <0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). BMI = body mass index. BMI wasting = <18.5 kg/m2 for men and women; Lean tissue mass wasting = Lean tissue mass index <16.7 kg/m2 for men and <14.6 kg/m2 for women; Mild tuberculosis disease = TBScore ≤5 and moderate-severe = TBScore >5 [20].

Mupere et al.

Mupere et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1050   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1050

Open Data