Table 2

Average 24-hour nutrient intake among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients with or without pulmonary tuberculosis
Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Men (n=61) Women (n=70)
HIV+ (n=27) HIV- (n=34) HIV+ (n=42) HIV- (28)
TB+ (n=10) TB- (n=17) TB+ (n=18) TB- (n=16) TB+ (n=21) TB- (n=21) TB+ (n=14) TB- (n=14)
Energy (MJ) 8.49 (4.65) 8.18 (2.93) 8.77 (3.48) 9.96 (2.94) 6.02 (3.85) 6.91 (4.63) 6.56 (2.34) 6.69 (2.37)
Protein (g) 60.6 (48.6) 56.9 (47.2) 56.0 (29.5) 60.4 (21.1) 49.5 (44.2) 38.3 (24.8) 42.8 (22.3) 35.9 (16.3)
Total fat (g) 59.5 (60.2) 47.2 (28.5) 56.6 (38.9) 60.7 (25.1) 32.4 (38.4) 34.0 (20.0) 39.8 (24.9) 38.2 (23.3)
Carbohydrate (g) 303 (158) 333 (125) 348 (139) 416 (119) 244 (141) 301 (242) 269 (82) 274 (124)
Calcium (mg) 978 (1532) 415 (414) 297 (319) 417 (454) 558 (1029) 263 (404) 264 (200) 346 (406)
Magnesium (mg) 267 (267) 238 (204) 302 (160) 278 (181) 261 (250) 251 (336) 176 (134) 190 (150)
Zinc (mg) 7.7 (5.9) 7.1 (4.3) 6.9 (3.2) 7.2 (3.3) 5.6 (4.5) 5.7 (4.8) 4.4 (2.1) 3.8 (1.8)
Iron (mg) 11.9 (12.5) 11.1 (7.7) 11.8 (8.2) 12.4 (7.0) 11.5 (12.6) 11.5 (14.2) 9.0 (5.4) 7.0 (5.3)
Vitamin A (RE) 469 (568) 188 (238) 545 (835) 936 (2716) 430 (493) 959 (1794) 779 (745) 285 (314)
Folate (μg) 300 (221) 362 (174) 346 (257) 513 (218)b 315 (278) 312 (190) 375 (183) 293 (148)

p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; ªp-value < 0.001, bp-value < 0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). TB- = no TB disease, TB+ = Tuberculosis disease, HIV+ = HIV infection.

Mupere et al.

Mupere et al. BMC Public Health 2012 12:1050   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1050

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