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Open Access Research article

Young people’s perspectives on the adoption of preventive measures for HIV/AIDS, malaria and family planning in South-West Uganda: focus group study

Jonathan Graffy1*, Clare Goodhart2, Karen Sennett3*, Gloria Kamusiime4 and Herbert Tukamushaba5

Author affiliations

1 Department of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

2 Lensfield Medical Practice, Cambridge, UK

3 Killick Street Health Centre, London, UK

4 Volunteer Uganda, Kanungu, Uganda

5 Great Lakes Regional College, Kanungu, Uganda

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Citation and License

BMC Public Health 2012, 12:1022  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1022

Published: 22 November 2012

Abstract

Background

Despite the possibility of preventing many cases of HIV, malaria and unplanned pregnancy, protective measures are often not taken by those at risk in Uganda. The study aim was to explore young people’s perspectives on the reasons why this is so.

Methods

Focus groups were conducted with 100 secondary school and college students in Kanungu, Uganda in 2011. Three parallel groups considered HIV, malaria and family planning, and common messages were then explored jointly in a workshop based on the RE-AIM framework (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance).

Results

Participants identified various reasons why preventive action was not always taken. They worried about the effectiveness and side effects of several key interventions: condoms, antiretroviral treatment, various contraceptives and impregnated mosquito nets. Cost, rural isolation and the quality and availability of health services also limited the extent to which people were able to follow health advice. Although there was respect for policy supporting abstinence and fidelity, it was seen as hard to follow and offering inadequate protection when gender imbalance put pressure on women to have sex.

Conclusions

There is an opportunity to improve the uptake of preventive measures by tackling the misconceptions and fears that participants reported with clear, evidence-based messages. This should be done in a way that encourages more open communication about reproductive health between men and women, that reaches out to isolated communities, that draws on both voluntary and government services and enlists young people so that they can shape their future.