Table 3

Associations between migration status and sexual behaviors, unprotected practices of study participants in Prakasam and Azamgarh districts, India

Prakasam district

Azamgarh


Returned migrants/Non-migrants

Active migrants/Non-migrants

Returned migrants/Non-migrants

Active migrants/Non-migrants


AOR1 (95% CI)

AOR1 (95% CI)

AOR1 (95% CI)

AOR1 (95% CI)


Ever had sex with

Either sex worker or casual unpaid partner

1.85 (1.36-2.54)*

1.86 (1.36-2.53)*

1.19 (0.86-1.64)

1.43 (1.06-1.96)**

Male partner

0.56 (0.13 – 2.40)

1.19 (0.36 – 3.89)

1.78 (0.73 – 4.31)

0.60 (0.22 – 1.64)

Had sex in past 12 months with

Sex worker

1.72 (1.02 – 2.91)**

2.05 (1.24 – 3.38)*

1.68 (0.96 – 2.94)

4.00 (2.43 – 6.59)*

Casual unpaid partner

1.57 (1.11 – 2.23)**

1.50 (1.06 – 2.11)**

0.95 (0.63 – 1.43)

1.41 (0.98 – 2.02)

Both sex worker and casual partner

1.63 (0.95 – 2.77)

1.93 (1.17 – 3.20)**

1.44 (0.72 – 2.88)

4.45 (2.47 – 8.02)*

3+ sex partners

1.78 (1.10 – 2.88)**

2.03 (1.28 – 3.22)*

1.22 (0.72 – 2.06)

1.92 (1.23 – 3.01)*

Consistent condom use# in past 12 months with

Sex worker2

0.98 (0.29-3.31)

0.80 (0.25-2.60)

1.42 (0.46-4.42)

1.53 (0.55 - 4.23)

Casual unpaid partner4

1.40 (0.66-3.00)

2.29 (1.13-4.60)**

1.15 (0.39-3.39)

4.00 (1.62 - 9.93)*

Risky sexual behavior$

1.79 (1.01-3.19)*

1.54 (0.87-2.72)

1.46 (0.68-3.12)

3.05 (1.59-5.87)


AOR, Adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; STI, sexually transmitted infection.

The independent variable coding for the odds ratios presented are: Returned migrants (coded as 1) /Non-migrants (coded as 0); Active migrants (coded as 1) /Non-migrants (coded as 0).

1 Controlled for age, education, marital status and occupation.

2 Among those who had sex with sex workers in last 12 months.

3 Among those who had sex with sex workers.

4 Among those who had sex with casual unpaid female partners in last 12 months.

5 Among those who had sex with casual unpaid female partners.

# Condom use at last time sex in 12 months prior to the survey with specific type of partner (irrespective of place of origin or destination).

* p<0.01, ** p<0.05.

Saggurti et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S6   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S6-S6

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