Table 1

Univariate analysis of factors associated with condom breakage

Factor

Response categories

% broke in last month

Odds ratio

95% confidence intervals

p value


District

Shimoga

Belgaum

Bellary

Bangalore

6.09

12.65

9.15

16.70

Ref

2.23

1.55

3.09

1.28-3.90

0.81-2.99

1.78-5.36

0.005

0.188

<0.001


Number of clients in typical week

1-4

5-9

10-19

20+

9.59

8.73

10.99

16.30

Ref

0.90

1.16

1.83

0.55-1.49

0.75-1.80

1.13-2.97

0.684

0.497

0.014


Demographic factors


Age

40+

35-39

30-34

20-24

<20

9.12

10.17

13.00

12.78

30.56

Ref

1.12

1.49

1.46

4.39

0.71-1.79

0.96-2.31

0.91-2.35

2.44-7.89

0.608

0.075

0.116

0.000


Marital status

Devadasi (traditional FSW)

Divorced/separated/widowed

Never married

Married

4.84

13.58

12.03

10.57

Ref

3.09

2.69

2.32

1.36-7.03

1.07-6.73

1.04-5.21

0.007

0.035

0.041


Sex work and personal risk factors


Duration of sex work in this district

>5 years

1-4 years

< 1 year

10.20

11.29

18.23

Ref

1.12

1.96

0.78-1.61

1.09-3.53

0.538

0.024


Ever practiced sex in a different place

No

Yes

10.16

20.93

Ref

2.34

1.54-3.55

<0.001


Ever had anal sex

No

Yes

10.17

19.80

Ref

2.18

1.39-3.42

0.001


Been forced to have sex in the last year

No

Yes

10.53

20.08

Ref

2.13

1.37-3.32

0.001


Ever been arrested

No

Yes

10.15

21.50

Ref

2.42

1.54-3.81

<0.001


Main place of entertaining clients

Public places

Home

Rented room/lodge

Brothels

6.42

7.54

13.80

21.95

Ref

1.19

2.32

4.10

0.51-2.77

1.02-5.32

1.67-10.08

0.686

0.046

0.002


Drink alcohol

Never

Occasionally

Regularly

8.27

21.00

17.03

Ref

2.95

2.28

1.71-5.09

1.63-3.17

<0.001

<0.001


Condom use


Always used condoms in the last 30 days

Yes

No

9.08

23.77

Ref

3.12

2.24-4.36

0.001


Where last condom was obtained

Peer educator/health facility

Client

Other

10.36

16.17

20.93

Ref

1.66

2.29

1.08-2.57

1.42-3.69

0.020

0.001


Last time condom was put on by?

Client

Respondent

7.65

16.30

Ref

2.35

1.70-3.26

<0.001


Programme exposure


Registered with sex worker CBO

Yes

No

10.17

21.65

Ref

2.44

1.66-3.59

<0.001


Ever given condom by a peer educator

Yes

No

10.28

21.43

Ref

2.38

1.62-3.50

<0.001


Ever seen a condom demonstration

Yes

No

10.14

23.91

Ref

2.79

1.94-4.00

<0.001


Bradley et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11(Suppl 6):S14   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S6-S14

Open Data