This article is part of the supplement: Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (GEIS): an update for 2009

Open Access Review

Capacity-building efforts by the AFHSC-GEIS program

Jose L Sanchez1*, Matthew C Johns1, Ronald L Burke1, Kelly G Vest1, Mark M Fukuda12, In-Kyu Yoon2, Chanthap Lon2, Miguel Quintana3, David C Schnabel4, Guillermo Pimentel5, Moustafa Mansour5, Steven Tobias6, Joel M Montgomery7, Gregory C Gray8, Karen Saylors9, Lucy M Ndip10, Sheri Lewis11, Patrick J Blair12, Paul A Sjoberg13, Robert A Kuschner14, Kevin L Russell1, David L Blazes1 and the AFHSC-GEIS Capacity Building Writing Group141516171819202122232425

Author Affiliations

1 Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA

2 Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, 315/6 Rajavithi Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10400

3 U.S. Army Public Health Command Region-South, Building 2472, Schofield Road, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA

4 U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Kenya, U.S. Embassy, Attn: MRU, United Nations Avenue, P.O. Box 606, Village Market 00621 Nairobi, Kenya

5 Naval Medical Research Unit Number 3, Extension of Ramses Street, Adjacent to Abbassia Fever Hospital, Postal Code 11517, Cairo, Egypt

6 Naval Medical Research Unit Number 2, Kompleks Pergudangan DEPKES R.I., JI. Percetakan Negara II No. 23, Jakarta, 10560, Indonesia

7 Naval Medical Research Center Detachment-Peru, Centro Medico Naval “CMST,” Av. Venezuela CDRA 36, Callao 2, Lima, Peru

8 Department of Environmental and Global Health, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Post Office Box 100188, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA

9 Global Viral Forecasting Initiative, One Sutter Street, Suite 600, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA

10 University of Buea, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Post Office Box 63, Buea, South Western Province, Cameroon

11 Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, MP2-160, Laurel, MD 20723-6099, USA

12 Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106, USA

13 U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Public Health and Preventive Medicine Department, 2513 Kennedy Circle, Building 180, Brooks City-Base, TX 78235-5116, USA

14 Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Building 503, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910-7500, USA

15 Kenyan Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi Post Office Box 54840, 00200, Nairobi, Kenya

16 Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, CMR 402, Box 483, APO AE 09180, USA

17 Makerere University Walter Reed Project, Plot 42, Nakasero Road, Post Office Box 16524, Kampala, Uganda

18 Makerere University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Medicine, Post Office Box 16524, Kampala, Uganda

19 Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit Number 2, 1887 Powhatan Street, Norfolk, VA 23511-3394, USA

20 PharmAccess Foundation, Skyway Building, Third Floor, Plot Number 149/32, Corner of Ohio Street/Sokoine Street, Post Office Box 635, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

21 Tanzania People’s Defence Forces, Defence Forces Headquarters Medical Services, Post Office Box 9203, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

22 U.S. Army Medical Department Activity & 65th Medical Brigade, Korea, Unit 15281, Box 769, APO AP 96205-5281

23 U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Diagnostic Systems Division, 1425 Porter Street, Fort Detrick, MD 21702-5011, USA

24 U.S. Army Public Health Command Region-Europe, Building 3810, CMR 402, Box 808, APO AE 09180

25 U.S. Army Public Health Command Region-Pacific, Building 715, Camp Zama, Japan, Unit 45006, APO AP 96343-5006

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BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 2):S4  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-S2-S4

Published: 4 March 2011


Capacity-building initiatives related to public health are defined as developing laboratory infrastructure, strengthening host-country disease surveillance initiatives, transferring technical expertise and training personnel. These initiatives represented a major piece of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Division of Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (AFHSC-GEIS) contributions to worldwide emerging infectious disease (EID) surveillance and response. Capacity-building initiatives were undertaken with over 80 local and regional Ministries of Health, Agriculture and Defense, as well as other government entities and institutions worldwide. The efforts supported at least 52 national influenza centers and other country-specific influenza, regional and U.S.-based EID reference laboratories (44 civilian, eight military) in 46 countries worldwide. Equally important, reference testing, laboratory infrastructure and equipment support was provided to over 500 field sites in 74 countries worldwide from October 2008 to September 2009. These activities allowed countries to better meet the milestones of implementation of the 2005 International Health Regulations and complemented many initiatives undertaken by other U.S. government agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of State.