Table 3

Logistic regression models predicting the influence of land use characteristics on physical activity

Predictors

Recreational & park land

Residential land

Commercial land

Institutional land

Land use mix


OR

95% C.I.

OR

95% C.I.

OR

95% C.I.

OR

95% C.I.

OR

95% C.I.


A. Walking to work or school - less than one hour per week


Age

1.03*

(1.02,1.04)

1.03*

(1.02,1.04)

1.03*

(1.02,1.04)

1.04*

(1.03,1.05)

1.03*

(1.02,1.04)


Female

0.76*

(0.60,0.96)

0.76*

(0.60,0.96)

0.76*

(0.60,0.96)

0.76

(0.60,0.97)

0.75

(0.59,0.96)


Chronic conditions

1.36*

(1.06,1.75)

1.36*

(1.05,1.74)

1.37*

(1.07,1.76)

1.35

(1.05,1.74)

1.36

(1.05,1.74)


Obese

0.98

(0.72,1.33)

0.98

(0.72,1.33)

0.99

(0.72,1.35)

0.99

(0.72,1.34)

0.99

(0.73,1.35)


Family Income


Low

0.68*

(0.52,0.90)

0.68*

(0.51,0.90)

0.68*

(0.52,0.90)

0.66

(0.50,0.88)

0.69*

(0.52,0.91)


Mid (ref)


High

1.30

(0.97,1.74)

1.29

(0.96,1.73)

1.27

(0.95,1.71)

1.29

(0.96,1.74)

1.28

(0.95,1.72)


Marital status


Single

1.18

(0.87,1.62)

1.17

(0.86,1.60)

1.19

(0.87,1.62)

1.20

(0.88,1.64)

1.21

(0.88,1.65)


Married (ref)

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00


Divorced

1.57*

(1.08,2.28)

1.53*

(1.05,2.23)

1.55*

(1.06,2.25)

1.54*

(1.06,2.23)

1.57*

(1.08,2.28)


Neighbourhood income


Higher

1.22

(0.97,1.55)

1.23

(0.97,1.57)

1.14

(0.88,1.48)

1.25

(0.98,1.59)

1.16

(0.91,1.49)


Land use


Low

1.25

(0.95,1.65)

0.96

(0.72,1.28)

1.28

(0.92,1.77)

1.23

(0.92,1.63)

1.29

(0.97,1.72)


Mid

1.12

(0.85,1.47)

0.95

(0.72,1.25)

1.01

(0.76,1.36)

0.90

(0.68,1.19)

0.96

(0.73,1.27)


High (ref)

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00


B. Walking for errands - less than one hour per week


Age

1.00

(1.00,1.01)

1.00

(1.00,1.01)

1.00

(1.00,1.01)

1.00

(1.00,1.01)

1.01

(1.00,1.01)


Female

1.02

(0.83,1.26)

1.00

(0.81,1.24)

1.00

(0.81,1.24)

1.03

(0.84,1.27)

1.01

(0.81,1.24)


Chronic conditions

0.89

(0.71,1.10)

0.91

(0.73,1.14)

0.91

(0.73,1.14)

0.88

(0.70,1.09)

0.90

(0.72,1.13)


Obese

1.22

(0.93,1.61)

1.24

(0.94,1.63)

1.27

(0.97,1.68)

1.24

(0.95,1.63)

1.30

(0.98,1.71)


Family Income


Low

0.72*

(0.56,0.92)

0.72*

(0.56,0.92)

0.72*

(0.56,0.93)

0.69*

(0.54,0.89)

0.71*

(0.55,0.92)


Mid (ref)


High

1.14

(0.88,1.47)

1.06

(0.82,1.38)

1.07

(0.82,1.39)

1.12

(0.86,1.45)

1.06

(0.82,1.38)


Marital status


Single

0.89

(0.66,1.19)

0.87

(0.65,1.17)

0.91

(0.68,1.22)

0.87

(0.65,1.16)

0.95

(0.70,1.27)


Married (ref)

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00


Divorced

1.08

(0.79,1.46)

1.11

(0.81,1.51)

1.10

(0.81,1.50)

1.04

(0.77,1.42)

1.17

(0.85,1.60)


Neighbourhood income


Higher

1.53*

(1.24,1.89)

1.64*

(1.32,2.03)

1.12

(0.89,1.42)

1.62*

(1.31,2.02)

1.39*

(1.12,1.74)


Land use


Low

1.53*

(1.19,1.96)

0.49*

(0.38,0.63)

2.48*

(1.85,3.31)

1.42*

(1.10,1.82)

2.65*

(2.04,3.43)


Mid

0.93

(0.72,1.18)

0.62*

(0.48,0.8)

1.27

(0.97,1.65)

1.18

(0.91,1.52)

1.34*

(1.04,1.72)


High (ref)

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00


C. Moderate physical activity - one day or less per week


Age

1.01

(1.00,1.02)

1.01*

(1.00,1.02)

1.01

(1.00,1.02)

1.01

(1.00,1.02)

1.01

(1.00,1.02)


Female

0.73*

(0.58,0.91)

0.73*

(0.59,0.91)

0.73*

(0.58,0.91)

0.73*

(0.59,0.91)

0.73*

(0.58,0.91)


Chronic conditions

1.36*

(1.08,1.71)

1.36*

(1.08,1.71)

1.37*

(1.09,1.72)

1.37*

(1.09,1.72)

1.37*

(1.09,1.72)


Obese

1.69*

(1.29,2.23)

1.68*

(1.28,2.21)

1.69*

(1.28,2.23)

1.69*

(1.29,2.23)

1.7*

(1.29,2.23)


Family Income


Low

1.33*

(1.03,1.72)

1.34*

(1.03,1.73)

1.35*

(1.04,1.75)

1.34*

(1.03,1.74)

1.36*

(1.05,1.76)


Mid (ref)


High

0.59*

(0.44,0.78)

0.59*

(0.45,0.79)

0.59*

(0.44,0.78)

0.58*

(0.43,0.77)

0.58*

(0.44,0.77)


Marital status


Single

0.73*

(0.53,0.99)

0.74*

(0.54,1.00)

0.74

(0.55,1.01)

0.73*

(0.54,1.00)

0.75

(0.55,1.02)


Married (ref)


Divorced

1.02

(0.75,1.40)

1.04

(0.76,1.42)

1.05

(0.77,1.43)

1.04

(0.76,1.43)

1.04

(0.76,1.43)


Neighbourhood income


Higher

0.87

(0.70,1.09)

0.89

(0.71,1.12)

0.85

(0.67,1.09)

0.92

(0.73,1.16)

0.85

(0.67,1.07)


Land use


Low

0.81

(0.62,1.05)

1.05

(0.81,1.37)

1.06

(0.78,1.43)

1.17

(0.89,1.52)

1.08

(0.83,1.41)


Mid

1.01

(0.78,1.30)

1.20

(0.92,1.56)

1.07

(0.81,1.40)

1.26

(0.97,1.65)

0.92

(0.71,1.20)


High (ref)

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00


D. Walking for leisure - 15 minutes or less per day


Age

1.00

(0.99,1.01)

1.00

(0.99,1.01)

1.00

(0.99,1.01)

1.00

(0.99,1.01)

1.00

(1.00,1.01)


Female

0.68*

(0.54,0.85)

0.67*

(0.54,0.84)

0.68*

(0.54,0.84)

0.68*

(0.55,0.86)

0.67*

(0.54,0.84)


Chronic conditions

1.08

(0.85,1.36)

1.10

(0.87,1.39)

1.08

(0.86,1.37)

1.08

(0.85,1.36)

1.06

(0.84,1.35)


Obese

1.33*

(1.01,1.76)

1.33*

(1.00,1.76)

1.34*

(1.01,1.77)

1.34*

(1.01,1.77)

1.36*

(1.02,1.80)


Family Income


Low

1.19

(0.91,1.56)

1.20

(0.91,1.57)

1.20

(0.92,1.58)

1.18

(0.90,1.55)

1.22

(0.93,1.60)


Mid (ref)


High

1.09

(0.82,1.43)

1.06

(0.80,1.40)

1.08

(0.82,1.42)

1.06

(0.80,1.40)

1.07

(0.81,1.41)


Marital status


Single

1.05

(0.77,1.43)

1.06

(0.77,1.44)

1.06

(0.78,1.44)

1.04

(0.77,1.42)

1.09

(0.8,1.48)


Married (ref)


Divorced

0.90

(0.65,1.25)

0.93

(0.66,1.29)

0.91

(0.65,1.27)

0.90

(0.65,1.25)

0.94

(0.67,1.30)


Neighbourhood income


Higher

1.07

(0.85,1.34)

1.13

(0.90,1.43)

0.99

(0.77,1.27)

1.14

(0.91,1.44)

1.01

(0.80,1.28)


Land use


Low

1.03

(0.79,1.34)

0.70*

(0.54,0.92)

1.21

(0.89,1.64)

1.30

(0.99,1.71)

1.36*

(1.04,1.78)


Mid

0.94

(0.72,1.22)

0.93

(0.72,1.21)

1.14

(0.86,1.52)

1.32*

(1.00,1.73)

0.99

(0.75,1.30)


High (ref)

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00


Source: Survey of residents in eight neighbourhoods in Metro Vancouver, 2006

*Significant at the P < 0.05 level.

Oliver et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:959   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-959

Open Data