Table 2

Baseline health-related characteristics by functional status for participants with and without diabetes

No history of diagnosed diabetes (N = 1587)

History of diagnosed diabetes (N = 286)



Functional Status

Functional Status


High

Middle

Low

P-value*

High

Middle

Low

P-value*


N

801

682

104

93

154

39


Age (years; mean ± SE)

71.3 ± 0.17

74.2 ± 0.22

79.1 ± 0.71

< 0.001

71.4 ± 0.51

72.8 ± 0.44

78.3 ± 1.27

< 0.001


Sex (% female)

37.8

60.4

55.8

< 0.001

39.8

48.1

71.8

0.003


Education (years; mean ± SE)

5.6 ± 0.17

4.2 ± 0.18

3.8 ± 0.47

< 0.001

5.9 ± 0.53

5.1 ± 0.42

2.8 ± 0.62

0.006


Marital status (%married or living with partner)

72.8

62.5

55.8

< 0.001

69.9

66.9

41.0

0.004


Smoking status (%current)

25.1

15.1

8.7

< 0.001

25.8

15.6

7.7

0.026


Heart disease (% yes)

16.8

26.2

28.8

< 0.001

23.7

36.4

41.0

0.060


Hypertension (% yes)

32.7

40.6

52.0

< 0.001

46.2

55.6

53.8

0.356


Stroke (% yes)

2.4

5.6

42.7

< 0.001

2.2

15.1

41.0

< 0.001


Number of other conditions(%)


0

59.3

47.1

29.7

< 0.001

47.3

30.4

25.6

0.007


1

30.3

35.5

28.7

34.1

36.5

28.2


≥2

10.4

17.3

41.6

18.7

33.1

46.2


Duration of diabetes (years; mean ± SE)

-

-

-

-

8.9 ± 0.98

10.0 ± 0.72

12.8 ± 1.68

0.085


Use insulin (% yes)

-

-

-

-

13.0

22.2

25.6

0.131


*Continuous variables were compared using one-way analysis of variance and shown as the mean ± standard error (SE). Categorical variables were compared using Pearson's Chi-square test and shown as percentages.

Other conditions include heart disease, hypertension, and stroke.

Li et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:953   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-953

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