Table 3

Multivariate Logistic Regression Models: Characteristics of Older U.S Adults and Older Rural Adults with Diabetes Receiving Less Than Adequate Care for Diabetes 2009 BRFSS Data

Variables and Factors

Adjusted Odds Ratios (95% CI)


All Older U.S. Adults

Older Rural U.S. Adults


Sex

Male

1.638 (1.627, 1.648)

1.547 (1.525,1.569)


Female

---*

---*


Race/Ethnicity

Caucasian

---*

---*


African American

1.084 (1.074, 1.094)

3.103 (3.009, 3.200)


Hispanic

1.503 (1.480, 1.525)

2.138 (2.062, 2.217)


Other/Multiracial

1.174 (1.158, 1.192)

1.120 (1.086, 1.154)


Education

< High School

1.793 (1.774, 1.812)

1.565 (1.529, 1.602)


Completed High School

1.274 (1.265, 1.283)

1.403 (1.377, 1.429)


College Graduate

---*

---*


Marital Status

Married or Living With Partner

---*

---*


Unmarried and not Living With a Partner

1.258 (1.249, 1.266)

1.096 (1.080, 1.112)


Household Income

< $35,000

1.225 (1.216, 1.233)

1.061 (1.044, 1.077)


> = $35,000

---*

---*


Geographic Locale

Non-Rural

---*

---*


Rural

1.465 (1.454, 1.475)

n/a


Self-Defined Health Status

Good to Excellent

---*

---*


Fair to Poor

.720 (.715, .724)

.601 (.593, .610)


Age Diabetes Onset

< 45 Years

---*

---*


45 - 64 Years

1.077 (1.066, 1.089)

1.087 (1.061, 1.113)


> = 65 Years

1.321 (1.306, 1.336)

1.022 (.997, 1.048)*


Insulin Use

Yes

.422 (.419, .425)

.494 (.487, .502)


No

---*

---*


BMI

BMI < 25

---*

---*


BMI 25- < 30

.983 (.975, .991)

.961 (.942, .979)


BMI > = 30

.845 (.838, .852)

.973 (.955, .991)


Physical Activity

Getting at Least Moderate Physical Activity

---*

---*


Inactive

1.169 (1.162, 1.176)

1.363 (1.344, 1.382)


Smoking Status

Smoker

1.620 (1.606, 1.634)

1.471 (1.442, 1.500)


Non-Smoker

---*

---*


Have Health Insurance

Yes

---*

---*


No

.991 (.967, 1.015)

1.027 (.984, 1.072)


Deferment of Medical Care Because of Cost

Deferred Medical Care Because of Cost

1.717 (1.694, 1.740)

2.871 (2.775, 2.971)


Did not Defer Medical Care Because of Cost

---*

---*


Have a Health Care Provider

Yes

---*

---*


No

1.453 (1.426, 1.481)

1.093 (1.055, 1.132)


Timing of Last Routine Medical Check-up

Within Last 12 Months

---*

---*


Longer Than 12 Months Ago

2.136 (2.112, 2.160)

2.453 .390, 2.516)


---* Reference Category

Lutfiyya et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:940   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-940

Open Data