Table 3

Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals from multivariate modelsa looking at factors associated with being in the top 25% for all plasma carotenoid concentrations

Variables

High concentrations for all carotenoids


Age group (yrs)

15-24

1.00

25-34

1.35 (0.47, 3.84)

35-44

1.34 (0.45, 4.00)

45-54

1.98 (0.65, 6.02)

55-64

0.39 (0.04, 3.75)

65+

3.77 (0.55, 25.96)


Sex

Male

1.00

Female

2.98 (1.24, 7.17)


SES quintile

1

1.00

2

1.93 (0.35, 10.73)

3

2.16 (0.44, 10.47)

4

2.39 (0.45, 12.69)

5

5.58 (1.12, 27.74)

p-trend

0.014


Poor or fair health

1.00

Good or better health

0.62 (0.27, 1.46)


Normal cholesterol

1.00

Hypercholesterolaemia

2.31 (1.14, 4.68)


No dyslipidaemia

1.00

Dyslipidaemia

0.57 (0.26, 1.22)


Glucose tolerance

Normal

1.00

Abnormalb

0.08 (0.01, 0.64)

Diabetic

0.29 (0.08, 1.02)


Waist to hip ratio

Non-obese

1.00

Obese

1.29 (0.54, 3.06)


Body mass index

Underweight

1.17 (0.34, 4.06)

Normal

1.00

Overweight

1.32 (0.56, 3.12)

Obese

0.70 (0.27, 1.83)


Non-smoker

1.00

Current smoker

0.50 (0.24, 1.06)


Non-alcohol consumer

1.00

Alcohol consumer

1.31 (0.57, 3.00)


a The models included only those variables shown in the table.

b Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose combined.

Hodge et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:76   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-76

Open Data