Table 1

Basic characteristics and components of the metabolic syndrome in individuals with and without metabolic syndrome in different BMI classes

No MetS

MetS


BMI < 25

No MetS

(n = 712)

BMI 25-29.9

No MetS

(n = 418)

BMI ≥ 30

No MetS

(n = 94)

P

trend

BMI < 25

MetS

(n = 205)

BMI 25-29.9

MetS

(n = 811)

BMI ≥ 30

MetS

(n = 609)

P

trend

P

MetS/

BMI

Interaction


Population prevalence, %

25.0

14.7

3.3

7.2

28.5

21.3


Proportion of men, %

43.8

48.6

28.7

39.0

57.6

44.2


Age (yr)

57.8 ± 8.5

57.6 ± 8.3

58.5 ± 8.2

0.801

60.3 ± 8.1

61.4 ± 7.8

61.3 ± 8.3

0.356

0.593


Height (cm)

168.7 ± 8.7

168.7 ± 8.6

165.8 ± 9.6

0.053

169.1 ± 9.3

170.3 ± 9.2

167.7 ± 9.0

< 0.001

< 0.001


Weight (kg)

64.4 ± 8.7

76.6 ± 8.4

91.4 ± 12.6

< 0.001

68.1 ± 8.5

80.1 ± 9.6

96.2 ± 15.0

< 0.001

0.003


MetS components


Waist (cm)

81.2 ± 7.5

91.8 ± 7.0

105.1 ± 9.7

< 0.001

88.4 ± 6.7

97.4 ± 7.5

111.1 ± 11.2

< 0.001

0.205


BMI (kg/m2)

22.5 ± 1.7

26.9 ± 1.3

33.2 ± 3.1

< 0.001

23.7 ± 1.1

27.5 ± 1.3

34.1 ± 4.2

< 0.001

< 0.001


SBP (mmHg)

128.8 ± 18.1

127.2 ± 15.5

130.1 ± 16.7

0.589

139.2 ± 16.7

143.3 ± 17.5

144.7 ± 17.3

< 0.001

0.006


DBP (mmHg)

78.1 ± 9.3

78.8 ± 8.4

79.2 ± 7.7

0.077

82.8 ± 8.8

83.7 ± 9.2

84.8 ± 9.5

0.003

0.424


FPG (mmol/l)

5.8 ± 0.88

5.8 ± 0.94

5.8 ± 1.4

0.585

6.2 ± 0.85

6.5 ± 1.2

6.7 ± 1.4

< 0.001

< 0.001


Triglycerides (mmol/l)

0.96 ± 0.34

1.1 ± 0.34

1.2 ± 0.35

< 0.001

1.4 ± 0.68

1.6 ± 0.97

1.8 ± 1.0

< 0.001

< 0.001


HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)

1.6 ± 0.34

1.5 ± 0.31

1.5 ± 0.21

< 0.001

1.4 ± 0.38

1.4 ± 0.33

1.3 ± 0.27

< 0.001

0.029


BMI, body mass index; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; DBP, diastolic blood pressure;

SBP, systolic blood pressure. P values adjusted for age and sex (except p for age which is adjusted for sex only).

Pajunen et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:754   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-754

Open Data